Goverment Aircraft

Marine One is the call sign of any United States Marine Corps aircraft carrying the President of the United States.

 

 Marine One VIP Transport

Design

The first use of helicopters for transporting the President was in 1957, when President Dwight D. Eisenhower traveled on a Bell UH-13J Sioux. The President needed a quick way to reach his summer home in Pennsylvania and using Air Force One would have been impractical over such a short distance. There was also no airfield near his home with a paved runway to support fixed wing aircraft. Eisenhower thereby instructed his staff to look into alternative modes of transportation and a Sikorsky UH-34 Seahorse helicopter was commissioned The early aircraft lacked the "creature comforts" found on its modern successors, such as air conditioning and toilets for in-flight use.

 

 

In 1958, the H-13 was replaced by the Sikorsky H-34, and in 1961 by the VH-3A. Not long after the mode of presidential transport was introduced, presidential aides asked the Marine Corps to look into the White House South Lawn as a helicopter landing zone. Ample room was present, and the protocol was established. Until 1976, the Marine Corps shared the responsibility of helicopter transportation for the President with the United States Army. Army helicopters used the call sign Army One while the president was on board.

 

 

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Marine One is the call sign of any United States Marine Corps aircraft carrying the President of the United States. It usually denotes a helicopter operated by Marine Helicopter Squadron One (HMX-1 "Nighthawks"), either the large Sikorsky VH-3D Sea King or the newer, smaller VH-60N "White Hawk". Both helicopters are called "White Tops" because of their livery. Any Marine Corps aircraft carrying the Vice President has the call sign Marine Two.

Marine One
Marine One VH-71A

The Lockheed Martin VH-71 Kestrel was a variant of the AgustaWestland AW101 (formerly the EH101) that was being manufactured to replace the United States Marine Corps' Marine One U.S. Presidential transport fleet. Originally marketed for various competitions as the US101, it was developed and manufactured in the US by a consortium headed by Lockheed Martin.

  • Agusta/Westland VH-71 Kestrel

    Role Executive transport helicopter

    Manufacturer Lockheed Martin

    AgustaWestland

    Bell Helicopter (assembly)

    First flight 3 July 2007

    Status Canceled

    Primary user United States Marine Corps

    Number built 9 (VH-71A)

  • Primary User

    Crew: 4

    Capacity: 14 seated troops*

    Length: 64 ft 1 in (19.53 m)

    Height: 21 ft 8¾ in (6.62 m)

    Empty weight: 23,149 lb (10,500 kg)

    Max takeoff weight: 34,392 lb (15,600 kg)

    Powerplant: 3× General Electric CT7-8E turboshafts, 2,520 shp (1,879 kW) (take-off power) each

  • Specifications

    Never exceed speed: 167 knots (192 mph, 309 km/h)

    Cruise speed: 150 knots (167 mph, 278 km/h)

    Range: 863 mi (1,389 km)

    Service ceiling: 15,010 ft (4,575 m)

    Rate of climb: 2,010 ft/min (10.2 m/s)

Marine One is the call sign of any United States Marine Corps aircraft carrying the President of the United States.

Aircrafttotaal

Marine One is the call sign of any United States Marine Corps aircraft carrying the President of the United States.

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