The Antonov An-2 is a mass-produced single-engine biplane that has been commonly used as a utility and agricultural aircraft. It is deliberately furnished with a minimum of complex systems. The crucial wing leading edge slats that give the aircraft its slow flight ability are fully automatic, being held closed by the airflow over the wings. Once the airspeed drops below 64 km/h (40 mph), the slats will extend because they are on elastic rubber springs. Under typical conditions, the take-off is complete within 170 m (560 ft) while the landing run requires 215 m (705 ft); these figures will vary dependent upon various factors, such as the aircraft’s take-off/landing weight, the external air temperature, surface roughness, and headwind.
|Role||Agricultural and utility aircraft|
|First flight||31 August 1947|
|Status||Series production may still continue in China as the Shijiazhuang Y-5; engine refitting project underway|
|Primary users||Soviet Union (historical)|
During 2013, Antonov announced that it had successfully flown for the first time a new version of the An-2, dubbed the An-2-100, which was fitted with a three-blade reversible propeller and a 1,100-kilowatt (1,500 shp) Motor Sich MS-14 turboprop running on kerosene rather than Avgas, which is no longer produced in CIS countries. That same year, the company stated that it had received orders for upgrading “hundreds” of the An-2 planes still in operation in Azerbaijan, Cuba and Russia to the An-2-100 upgrade version
Antonov State Company is a Soviet, and later is a Ukrainian aircraft manufacturing and services company. Antonov's particular expertise is in the fields of very large aeroplanes and aeroplanes using unprepared runways.