Antonov Aircraft
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Antonov AN-3 Annushka

Antonov An-2 Annushka

Transport Aircraft

Antonov Aircraft

The Antonov An-2 (Russian nickname: "Annushka" or "Annie"; "kukuruznik" - corn crop duster; USAF reporting name Type 22 Antonov An-2 Colt

Antonov AN-2 Ruslan

The Antonov An-2 is a mass-produced single-engine biplane that has been commonly used as a utility and agricultural aircraft. It is deliberately furnished with a minimum of complex systems. The crucial wing leading edge slats that give the aircraft its slow flight ability are fully automatic, being held closed by the airflow over the wings. Once the airspeed drops below 64 km/h (40 mph), the slats will extend because they are on elastic rubber springs. Under typical conditions, the take-off is complete within 170 m (560 ft) while the landing run requires 215 m (705 ft); these figures will vary dependent upon various factors, such as the aircraft’s take-off/landing weight, the external air temperature, surface roughness, and headwind.

 

 

Design

    • The An-2 is equipped with various design features which make it suitable for operation in remote areas with unsurfaced airstrips. It is fitted with a pneumatic brake system (similar to those used on heavy road vehicles) to stop on short runways, along with an air line attached to the compressor, so the pressure in the tires and shock absorbers can be adjusted without the need for installing specialised equipment. The batteries, while sizable, are relatively easy to remove, so the aircraft does not need a ground power unit to supply power for starting the engine. Likewise, there is no need for an external fuel pump to refuel the aircraft as it is provided with an inbuilt onboard pump, which allows the tanks to be filled from simple fuel drums
RoleAgricultural and utility aircraft
ManufacturerAntonov
DesignerOleg Antonov
First flight31 August 1947[1]
StatusSeries production may still continue in China as the Shijiazhuang Y-5;[2] engine refitting project underway[3]
Primary usersSoviet Union (historical)
North Korea
China
Cuba
Produced1947–2001
Number built18,000+[4]
VariantsAntonov An-3

 

Development

During 2013, Antonov announced that it had successfully flown for the first time a new version of the An-2, dubbed the An-2-100, which was fitted with a three-blade reversible propeller and a 1,100-kilowatt (1,500 shp) Motor Sich MS-14 turboprop running on kerosene rather than Avgas, which is no longer produced in CIS countries.[11] That same year, the company stated that it had received orders for upgrading “hundreds” of the An-2 planes still in operation in Azerbaijan, Cuba and Russia to the An-2-100 upgrade version

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1–2
  • Capacity: 12 passengers / 2,140 kg (4,718 lb)
  • Length: 12.4 m (40 ft 8 in)
  • Upper wingspan: 18.2 m (59 ft 9 in)
  • Lower wingspan: 14.2 m (46 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 4.1 m (13 ft 5 in)
  • Wing area: 71.52 m2 (769.8 sq ft)
  • Airfoil: TsAGI R-11 (14%)[38]
  • Empty weight: 3,300 kg (7,275 lb)
  • Gross weight: 5,440 kg (11,993 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 1,200 l (320 US gal; 260 imp gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Shvetsov ASh-62IR 9-cylinder air-cooled supercharged radial piston engine, 750 kW (1,010 hp)
  • Propellers: 4-bladed constant-speed propeller

Specifications (AN-2)

Performance

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 258 km/h (160 mph, 139 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 190 km/h (120 mph, 100 kn)
  • Stall speed: 50 km/h (31 mph, 27 kn) circa
  • Range: 845 km (525 mi, 456 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 4,500 m (14,800 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 3.5 m/s (690 ft/min)
  • Power/mass: 0.136 kW/kg (0.083 hp/lb)
  • Fuel consumption: 185–200 l/h (49–53 gal/h; 41–44 imp gal/h)

Avionics

Related development

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Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

Antonov State Company is a Soviet, and later is a Ukrainian aircraft manufacturing and services company. Antonov's particular expertise is in the fields of very large aeroplanes and aeroplanes using unprepared runways.