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Bell P-39 Airacobra

Bell P-39 Airacobra

Bell Aircraft

Bell P-39 Airacobra


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Bell Aircraft

The Bell P-39 Airacobra was one of the principal American fighter aircraft in service when the United States entered World War II

Goto Bell Aircraft

The Bell P-39 Airacobra was one of the principal American fighter aircraft in service when the United States entered World War II. The P-39 was used by the Soviet Air Force, and enabled individual Soviet pilots to collect the highest number of kills attributed to any U.S. fighter type flown by any air force in any conflict. Other major users of the type included the Free French, the Royal Air Force, the United States Army Air Forces, and the Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force.

Operational History

The Airacobra saw combat throughout the world, particularly in the Southwest Pacific, Mediterranean and Soviet theaters. Because its engine was equipped with only a single-stage, single-speed supercharger, the P-39 performed poorly above 17,000 feet (5,200 m) altitude. In both western Europe and the Pacific, the Airacobra found itself outclassed as an interceptor and the type was gradually relegated to other duties. It often was used at lower altitudes for such missions as ground strafing.

National originUnited States
ManufacturerBell Aircraft
First flight6 April 1938[1][N 1]
Primary usersUnited States Army Air Forces
Soviet Air Force
Royal Air Force
Produced1940 – May 1944
Number built9,588[3]
VariantsBell XFL Airabonita
Bell P-63 Kingcobra
Bell P-76


 Soviet Union
 United Kingdom
 United States

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 30 ft 2 in (9.19 m)
  • Wingspan: 34 ft 0 in (10.36 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 5 in (3.78 m)
  • Wing area: 213 sq ft (19.8 m2)
  • Empty weight: 6,516 lb (2,956 kg)
  • Gross weight: 7,570 lb (3,434 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 8,400 lb (3,810 kg)
  • Powerplant: × Allison V-1710-85 V-12 liquid-cooled piston engine, 1,200 hp (890 kW) at 9,000 ft (2,743 m) (using emergency power)
  • Propellers: 3-bladed constant-speed propeller



  • Maximum speed: 389 mph (626 km/h, 338 kn)
  • Stall speed: 95 mph (153 km/h, 83 kn) power off, flaps and undercarriage down
  • Never exceed speed: 525 mph (845 km/h, 456 kn)
  • Range: 525 mi (845 km, 456 nmi) on internal fuel
  • Service ceiling: 35,000 ft (11,000 m)
  • Rate of climb: 3,805 ft/min (19.33 m/s) at 7,400 ft (2,256 m) (using emergency power)
  • Time to altitude: 15,000 ft (4,572 m) in 4 minutes 30 seconds, at 160 mph (260 km/h)
  • Wing loading: 34.6 lb/sq ft (169 kg/m2)
  • Power/mass: 0.16 hp/lb (0.26 kW/kg)



  • Guns:
  • Bombs: Up to 500 lb (230 kg) of bombs under wings and belly

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

Beechcraft is a brand of Textron Aviation[1] since 2014. Originally, it was a brand of Beech Aircraft Corporation, an American manufacturer of general aviation, commercial, and military aircraft, ranging from light single-engined aircraft to twin-engined turboprop transports, business jets, and military trainers.[2][3] Beech later became a division of Raytheon and then Hawker Beechcraft before a bankruptcy sale turned its assets over to Textron (parent company of Beech's historical cross-town Wichita rival, Cessna Aircraft Company)