The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) T-45 Goshawk is a highly modified version
of the British BAE Systems Hawk land-based training jet aircraft

Boeing B-29 Superfortress (1942)

Role Strategic bomber, Heavy bomber
National origin United States
Manufacturer Boeing
First flight 21 September 1942
Introduction 8 May 1944
Retired 21 June 1960
Status Retired (see Surviving aircraft)
Primary users United States Army Air Forces
United States Air Force
Royal Air Force
Produced 1943–1946
Number built 3,970
Variants
Boeing B-50 Superfortress
Developed into Boeing 377 Stratocruiser
Tupolev Tu-4

Boeing Millitary

Boeing
B-29 Superfortress (1942)

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Boeing
B-29 Superfortress (1942)

The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is an American four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing and flown primarily by the United States during World War II and the Korean War. Named in allusion to its predecessor, the B-17 Flying Fortress, the Superfortress was designed for high-altitude strategic bombing but also excelled in low-altitude night incendiary bombing and in dropping naval mines to blockade Japan. B-29s also dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and became the only aircraft that has ever used nuclear weapons in combat.

Operational History

In response, Boeing began work on pressurized long-range bombers in 1938. Boeing’s design study for the Model 334 was a pressurized derivative of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress with nosewheel undercarriage. Although the Air Corps did not have money to pursue the design, Boeing continued development with its own funds as a private venture.[8] In April 1939, Charles Lindbergh convinced General Henry H. Arnold to produce a new bomber in large numbers to counter the Germans’ production.[9] In December 1939, the Air Corps issued a formal specification for a so-called “superbomber” that could deliver 20,000 lb (9,100 kg) of bombs to a target 2,667 mi (4,292 km) away and at a speed of 400 mph (640 km/h). Boeing’s previous private venture studies formed the starting point for its response to that specification.[

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Boeing B-29 Superfortress (1942)

Twenty-two B-29s are preserved at various museums worldwide, including two flying examples; FIFI, which belongs to the Commemorative Air Force, and Doc, which belongs to Doc’s Friends. Doc made its first flight in 60 years from Wichita, Kansas, on 17 July 2016. There are also four complete airframes either in storage or under restoration, eight partial airframes in storage or under restoration, and four known wreck sites

Specifications

    • Crew: 11 (Pilot, Co-pilot, 
    • Length: 99 ft 0 in (30.18 m)
    • Wingspan: 141 ft 3 in (43.05 m)
    • Height: 27 ft 9 in (8.46 m)
    • Empty weight: 74,500 lb (33,793 kg)
    • Gross weight: 120,000 lb (54,431 kg)
    • Max takeoff weight: 133,500 lb (60,555 kg)135,000 lb (61,000 kg) combat overload
  • Maximum speed: 357 mph (575 km/h, 310 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 220 mph (350 km/h, 190 kn)
  • Stall speed: 105 mph (169 km/h, 91 kn)
  • Range: 3,250 mi (5,230 km, 2,820 nmi)
  • Ferry range: 5,600 mi (9,000 km, 4,900 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 31,850 ft (9,710 m) [28]
  • Rate of climb: 900 ft/min (4.6 m/s)
  •  
  • Guns:
    8 or 10× .50 in (12.7 mm) Browning M2/ANs in remote-controlled turrets.[89] (omitted from Silverplate B-29s)2× .50 BMG and 1× 20 mm M2 cannon in tail position (the cannon was later removed)12,000 lb (5,400 kg) over 1,600 mi (2,600 km; 1,400 nmi) radius at medium altitud20,000 lb (9,100 kg) maximum over short distances at low altitude
    Bombs: 5,000 lb (2,300 kg) over 1,600 mi (2,600 km; 1,400 nmi) radius at high altitude
     

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The B-29 was the progenitor of a series of Boeing-built bombers, transports, tankers, reconnaissance aircraft, and trainers. The re-engined B-50 Superfortress became the first aircraft to fly around the world non-stop during a 94-hour flight in 1949. The Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter airlifter, which was first flown in 1944, was followed in 1947 by its commercial airliner variant,

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