The Boeing P-8 Poseidon (formerly Multimission Maritime Aircraft) is an
American maritime patrol aircraft developed and produced by Boeing Defense, Space & Security,

Boeing P-8 Poseidon
(Multimission Maritime Aircraft) "2009"

RoleMaritime patrol aircraft
National originUnited States
ManufacturerBoeing
First flight25 April 2009[1]
IntroductionNovember 2013[2]
StatusIn service
Primary usersUnited States Navy
Indian Navy
Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Air Force
Produced2009–present
Number built122 as of May 2020[3]
Developed fromBoeing 737 Next Generation

 

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Boeing P-8 Poseidon
(Multimission Maritime Aircraft) "2009"

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Boeing P-8 Poseidon
"2009"

The Boeing P-8 Poseidon (formerly Multimission Maritime Aircraft) is an American maritime patrol aircraft developed and produced by Boeing Defense, Space & Security, modified from the 737-800ERX. It was developed for the United States Navy (USN).

The P-8 operates in the anti-submarine warfare (ASW), anti-surface warfare (ASUW), and shipping interdiction roles. It is armed with torpedoes, Harpoon anti-ship missiles, and other weapons, can drop and monitor sonobuoys, and can operate in conjunction with other assets, including the Northrop Grumman MQ-4C Triton maritime surveillance unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).

The P-8 is operated by the United States Navy, the Indian Navy, the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), and the UK’s Royal Air Force (RAF). It has also been ordered by the Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF), the Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF), and the Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN).

Design

The P-8 is a militarized version of the 737-800ERX, a 737-800 with 737-900-based wings.[37] The fuselage is similar to, but longer than, the 737-700-based C-40 Clipper transport aircraft in service with the USN. The P-8 has a strengthened fuselage for low-altitude operations and raked wingtips similar to those fitted to the Boeing 767-400ER, instead of the blended winglets available on 737NG variants.[38] In order to power additional onboard electronics, the P-8 has a 180kVA electric generator on each engine, replacing the 90kVA generator of civilian 737s; this required the redesigning of the nacelles and their wing mountings.[39] The P-8 has a smoother flight experience, subjecting crews to less turbulence and fumes than the preceding P-3, allowing them to concentrate better on missions.[40]

The P-8 features the Raytheon APY-10 multi-mission surface search radar;[41] the P-8I features an international version of the APY-10.[42] Unlike the preceding P-3, the P-8 lacks a magnetic anomaly detector (MAD) due to its higher operational altitude;[

 Australia
 India
 New Zealand
 Norway
 South Korea
 United Kingdom
 United States
  • United States Navy – 98 P-8As delivered through January 2019with 128 aircraft on order in April 2021.

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Boeing P-8 Poseidon
(Multimission Maritime Aircraft) "2009"

  • P-8A Poseidon – Production variant developed for the United States Navy.
  • P-8I Neptune – Export variant for the Indian Navy with a CAE Inc AN/ASQ-508A Magnetic Anomaly Detector (MAD) and a Griffon Corporation Telephonics APS-143C(V)3 multi mode aft radar added.
  • Poseidon MRA1 – Royal Air Force designation for the P-8A.[115]
  • P-8 AGS – An Airborne Ground Surveillance variant proposed to the USAF in 2010 as replacement to the E-8 Joint STARS fleet; equipped with a pod-mounted, active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar

Specifications

Crew: Flight: two; Mission: seven

Capacity: 19,800 lb (9,000 kg)

Length: 129 ft 5 in (39.47 m)

Wingspan: 123 ft 6 in (37.64 m)

Height: 42 ft 1 in (12.83 m)

Empty weight: 138,300 lb (62,730 kg)

Max takeoff weight: 189,200 lb (85,820 kg)

Powerplant: 2 × CFM56-7B27A turbofans, 27,300 lbf (121 kN) thrust each

Maximum speed: 564 mph (907 km/h, 490 kn)

Cruise speed: 509 mph (815 km/h, 440 kn)

Combat range: 1,381 mi (2,222 km, 1,200 nmi) ; 4 hours on station (for anti-submarine warfare mission)

Ferry range: 5,200 mi (8,300 km, 4,500 nmi)

Service ceiling: 41,000 ft (12,496 m)

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

The P-8 is operated by the United States Navy, the Indian Navy, the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), and the UK's Royal Air Force (RAF). It has also been ordered by the Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF), the Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF), and the Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN)