Casa/Bréguet Br.19 TF
Super Bidon "1922"

Role Light bomber/reconnaissance aircraft
Manufacturer Breguet Aviation
Designer Marcel Vuillerme
First flight March 1922
Status retired
Primary user French Air Force
Produced 1924-
Number built ~ 2,700

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Casa/Bréguet Br.19 TF
Super Bidon "1922"

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Casa/Bréguet Br.19 TF
Super Bidon "1922"

The Breguet 19 (Breguet XIX, Br.19 or Bre.19) was a sesquiplane bomber and 
reconnaissance aircraft which was also used for long-distance flights and was designed by the French Breguet company and produced from 1924.

 

Development

 
Breguet XIX prototype. Photo from L’Aerophile December,1921

The Breguet 19 was designed as a successor to a highly successful World War I Breguet 14 bomber. Initially, it was to be powered by a 340 kW (450 hp) Bugatti U-16 engine, driving a four-blade propeller, and a prototype was shown on the 7th Paris Air Show in November 1921 with this engine.

Design

The Breguet 19 was a sesquiplane in which the lower wing was substantially smaller than the upper wing, with a conventional layout and braced wings. The fuselage was ellipsoid in cross-section and built up from a frame of duralumin pipes. Breguet made extensive use of duralumin as a construction material which resulted in an unusually light strusture for its size, instead of steel or wood. It was faster than other bombers, and even many fighter aircraft which resulted in widespread interest which was further increased by successful record flights. The forward fuselage was covered with duralumin sheets, while the tail, rear fuselage and wings were covered with linen. It had a conventional fixed landing gear with a tail skid. The crew of two, pilot and observer/bombardier, sat in tandem in open cockpits and were provided with dual controls.

Operators

Belgium
Belgian Air Force bought six Br.19 B2s in 1924, and further 146 A2s and B2s were manufactured in under licence by the SABCA works in 1926–30. They were powered with Lorraine-Dietrich 12Eb and Hispano-Suiza 12Ha engines, and used until the late 1930s.

France
The French Army’s Aéronautique Militaire operated its first Breguet 19s in the A2 variant from the autumn of 1924, aircraft.
French Navy

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Casa/Bréguet Br.19 TF Super Bidon "1922"

A fixed 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Vickers machine gun with an interrupter gear was operated by the pilot, while the observer had twin 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Lewis Guns on a gun ring. There was also a fourth machine gun, which could be fired by the observer downwards through an opening in the floor. The Br.19CN2 night fighter variant was fitted with two fixed forward-firing machine guns. The bomber could carry up to 472 kg (1,041 lb) of bombs under the fuselage, or small bombs up to 50 kg (110 lb) vertically in an internal bomb bay. The reconnaissance variant could carry 12 x 10 kg (22 lb) bombs. The reconnaissance variant had a camera mounting, which was optional on the bomber variant. All variants were equipped radio.

Specifications

Crew: 2

Length: 9.61 m (31 ft 6 in)

Wingspan: 14.83 m (48 ft 8 in)

Height: 3.69 m (12 ft 1 in)

Empty weight: 1,387 kg (3,058 lb)

Max takeoff weight: 2,500 kg (5,512 lb)

Powerplant: 1 × Lorraine 12Ed Courlis W-12 liquid-cooled piston engine, 340 kW (450 hp)

Maximum speed: 214 km/h (133 mph, 116 kn)

Range: 800 km (500 mi, 430 nmi)

Service ceiling: 7,200 m (23,600 ft)

Guns: 1 × fixed, forward-firing 7.7 mm (0.30 in) Vickers machine gun, and two flexible, rearward-firing 7.7 mm (0.30 in) Lewis Guns.

Bombs: Provision for light bombs.

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

The Breguet 19 (Breguet XIX, Br.19 or Bre.19) was a sesquiplane bomber and reconnaissance aircraft which was also used for long-distance flights and was designed by the French Breguet company and produced from 1924.