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Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer "1953"

The B-36 was under development in 1941 and first flew on August 8, 1946. The first operational models were delivered to SAC in 1948, but due to early problems the B-36 units were not fully operational until 1951. The B-36 cost $3.6 million each. It had a 3,740-nm combat radius with a 10,000-pound payload, or a 1,757-nm radius with a maximum bomb load of 86,000 pounds. The last B-36 was built in August 1954, for a total production of 388 aircraft. The B-36 force was modernized with the advent of the long range B-52. On 29 June 1955 the first B-52 was delivered to SAC. At that time there were 340 of the B-36s assigned

Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer "1953"

Role Interceptor aircraft
Manufacturer Convair
First flight 24 October 1953
Introduction April 1956
Retired 1979
Primary users United States Air Force / Greece / Turkey
Number built 1,000
Developed from Convair XF-92
Developed into F-106 Delta Dart

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Consolidated
PB4Y-2 Privateer "1953"

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Consolidated
PB4Y-2 Privateer "1953"

The Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer is an American World War II and Korean War era patrol bomber of the United States Navy derived from the Consolidated B-24 Liberator. The Navy had been using B-24s with only minor modifications as the PB4Y-1 Liberator, and along with maritime patrol Liberators used by RAF Coastal Command this type of patrol plane was proven successful. A fully navalized design was desired, and Consolidated developed a dedicated long-range patrol bomber in 1943, designated PB4Y-2 Privateer.[1] In 1951, the type was redesignated P4Y-2 Privateer. A further designation change occurred in September 1962, when the remaining Navy Privateers (all having previously been converted to drone configuration as P4Y-2K) were redesignated QP-4B.

Design

The Privateer entered U.S. Navy service during late 1944, Patrol Bomber Squadrons 118 and 119 (VPB-118 and VPB-119) being the first Fleet squadrons to equip with the aircraft. The first overseas deployment began on 6 January 1945, when VPB-118 left for operations in the Marianas. On 2 March 1945 VPB-119 began “offensive search” missions out of Clark Field, Luzon in the Philippines, flying sectored searches of the seas and coastlines extending from the Gulf of Tonkin in the south, along the Chinese coast, and beyond Okinawa in the north.

Privateers were used as typhoon/hurricane hunters from 1945 to the mid-1950s. One aircraft, designated BuNo 59415 of VPB-119, went down when it experienced mechanical trouble while investigating a Category 1 typhoon near Batan Island in the Philippines. It attempted to land on the island, but was unable to do so and crashed.

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Consolidated PB4Y Privateeer (1953)

Variants

YPB4Y-2
prototypes, three built.
PB4Y-2
main production version, 736 built.
PB4Y-2B
PB4Y-2s equipped to launch ASM-N-2 Bat air-to-surface missiles. Redesignated P4Y-2B in 1951.
PB4Y-2M
PB4Y-2s converted for weather reconnaissance. Redesignated P4Y-2M in 1951.
PB4Y-2S
PB4Y-2s equipped with anti-submarine radar. Redesignated P4Y-2S in 1951.

Specifications

Crew: 11: two pilots, navigator, bombardier, five gunners, two radio operators

Length: 74 ft 7 in (22.73 m)

Wingspan: 110 ft 0 in (33.53 m)

Height: 30 ft 1 in (9.17 m)

Wing area: 1,048 sq ft (97.4 m2)

Empty weight: 27,485 lb (12,467 kg)

Max takeoff weight: 65,000 lb (29,500 kg)

Powerplant: 4 × Pratt & Whitney R-1830-94 radial engines, 1,350 hp (1,007 kW) each

Maximum speed: 300 mph (482 km/h, 261 kn)

Cruise speed: 175 mph (282 km/h, 152 kn)

Range: 2,820 mi (4,540 km, 2,450 nmi)

Service ceiling: 21,000 ft (6,400 m)

Wing loading: 62 lb/sq ft (300 kg/m2)

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A limited number of refitted PB4Ys and P4Ys continued in civilian service as airtankers, dropping fire retardant on forest fires throughout the western United States. On 18 July 2002, one such refitted P4Y, BuNo 66260 (seen in picture to right) operated by Hawkins and Powers Aviation of Greybull, Wyoming broke up in flight while fighting a wildfire near Rocky Mountain National Park. Both crew members were killed in the accident, and the Federal Aviation Administration temporarily grounded all large air tankers in the region.

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