The Curtiss P-36 Hawk, also known as the Curtiss Hawk Model 75,
is an American-designed and built fighter aircraft of the 1930s and 40s.

Curtiss P-36
Mohawk Model 75 "1935"

RoleFighter
ManufacturerCurtiss-Wright Corporation
First flight6 May 1935
Introduction1938
Retired1954, Argentina
Primary usersUnited States Army Air Corps
Finnish Air Force
French Air Force
Royal Air Force
Number built215 (P-36) plus 900 export Hawk 75 variants
Developed into

Curtiss P-37

Curtiss P-40 Warhawk

Curtiss & Wright

Curtiss & Wright

Curtiss: Commercial

Wright Flyer 1903Curtiss JN-4 Jenny 
Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk – Curtiss P-36 Mohawk –  
Curtiss P-40 Kittyhawk – Curtiss C-46 Commando – Curtiss Wright C-12W – Curtiss SB2C Helldiver

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Curtiss P-36
Mohawk Model 75 "1935"

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Curtiss P-36
Mohawk "1935"

The Curtiss P-36 Hawk, also known as the Curtiss Hawk Model 75, is an American-designed and built fighter aircraft of the 1930s and 40s. A contemporary of both the Hawker Hurricane and Messerschmitt Bf 109, it was one of the first of a new generation of combat aircraft—a sleek monoplane design making extensive use of metal in its construction and powered by a powerful radial engine.

Perhaps best known as the predecessor of the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, the P-36 saw little combat with the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. It was nevertheless the fighter used most extensively and successfully by the French Armee de l’air during the Battle of France. The P-36 was also ordered by the governments of the Netherlands and Norway,

Design

The Curtiss Model 75 was a private venture by the company, designed by former Northrop Aircraft Company engineer Don R. Berlin. The first prototype, constructed in 1934, featured all-metal construction with fabric-covered control surfaces, a Wright XR-1670-5 radial engine developing 900 hp (670 kW), and typical United States Army Air Corps armament of one .30 in (7.62 mm) and one .50 in (12.7 mm) machine gun firing through the propeller arc. Also typical of the time was the total absence of cockpit armor or self-sealing fuel tanks. The distinctive landing gear, which rotated 90° to fold the main wheels flat into the thin trailing portion of the wing, resting atop the lower ends of the maingear struts when retracted, was a Boeing-patented design for which Curtiss had to pay royalties.

The prototype first flew on 6 May 1935, reaching 281 mph (452 km/h) at 10,000 ft (3,000 m) during early test flights

Dutch East Indies
In October 1939, The Netherlands ordered 24 Hawk 75A-7s for their colonies of the Dutch East Indies (Oost Indië).
United States
The first production P-36As were delivered to the 20th Pursuit Group at Barksdale Field in Louisiana in April 1938
France
Curtiss H75A-1 of the 3rd flight of Groupe de Chasse II/5 French Air Force, June 1940
Even before the P-36A entered production, the French Air Force entered negotiations with Curtiss for delivery of 300 aircraft

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Curtiss P-36 Mohawk-"1935"

United States

Specifications

Crew: 1

Length: 28 ft 6 in (8.69 m)

Wingspan: 37 ft 4 in (11.38 m)

Height: 8 ft 5 in (2.57 m)

Wing area: 235.94 sq ft (21.920 m2)

Empty weight: 4,567 lb (2,072 kg)

Gross weight: 5,650 lb (2,563 kg)

Max takeoff weight: 6,010 lb (2,726 kg)

Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney R-1830-17 Twin Wasp 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 1,050 hp (780 kW)

 

Cruise speed: 270 mph (430 km/h, 230 kn)

Range: 625 mi (1,006 km, 543 nmi) at 270 mph (230 kn; 430 km/h) 

Service ceiling: 32,700 ft (10,000 m)

Rate of climb: 3,400 ft/min (17 m/s)

Wing loading: 23.9 lb/sq ft (117 kg/m2)

Power/mass: 0.186 hp/lb (0.306 kW/kg)

Maximum speed: 313 mph (504 km/h, 272 kn)

Armament

Guns: ** 1 × 0.30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine gun

1 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine gun

Bombs: some were also later fitted with a single hardpoint under each wing that could carry a bomb of up to 100 lb (45 kg) or a light bomb rack for three 50 lb (23 kg), five 20 lb (9 kg) or 30 lb (14 kg) bombs

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

The Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk is a light 1930s biplane fighter aircraft that was carried by the United States Navy airships USS Akron and Macon. It is an example of a parasite fighter, a small airplane designed to be deployed from a larger aircraft such as an airship or bomber. Contents