Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet"1973"

Role Light attack and advanced trainer aircraft
National origin France/Germany
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation/Dornier Flugzeugwerke
First flight 26 October 1973
Introduction 4 November 1977
Status In service
Primary users French Air Force
Nigerian Air Force / Cameroon Air Force / Royal Thai Air Force
Produced 1973–1991
Number built 480

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Dassault/Dornier
Alpha Jet"1973"

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Dassault/Dornier
Alpha Jet"1973"

The Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet is a light attack jet and advanced jet trainer co-manufactured by Dassault Aviation of France and Dornier Flugzeugwerke of Germany. It was developed specifically to perform trainer and light attack missions, as well as to perform these duties more ideally than the first generation of jet trainers that preceded it. Following a competition, a design submitted by a team comprising Breguet Aviation, Dassault Aviation, and Dornier Flugzeugwerke, initially designated as the TA501, was selected and subsequently produced as the Alpha Jet.

Both the French Air Force and German Air Force procured the Alpha Jet in large numbers, the former principally as a trainer aircraft and the latter choosing to use it as a light attack platform. As a result of post-Cold War military cutbacks, Germany elected to retire its own fleet of Alpha Jets in the 1990s and has re-sold many of these aircraft to both military and civilian operators. The Alpha Jet has been adopted by a number of air forces across the world and has also seen active combat use by some of these operators.

Design

The Alpha Jet is a light twin-engine aircraft equipped with an intentionally simple airframe despite the performance delivered. Both the leading edges and air intakes are fixed; while the aerodynamic shape of the aircraft, which was developed with the aid of computer aided design (CAD), conforms with the area rule.[13] Fully powered controls are used, comprising a dual-hydraulic systems and load-factor limited dynamic feel system arrangement attached to conventional flight control surfaces. The cockpit is pressurised for greater comfort during training. The Alpha Jet is designed to accommodate ten-minute turn around times with minimal ground equipment, using features such as pressurised single-point refueling, ladder-less entering/egress of the cockpit, and a ten-hour endurance of the liquid oxygen system.

The Alpha Jet was designed to perform a diverse range of roles. The principal users of the type, Germany and France, operated their Alpha Jets in different capacities, the former as a ground attack platform and the latter as a trainer aircraft.[15] Beyond performing different roles, the Alpha Jet fleets of France and Germany noticeably differed in their specification and equipment;

Former operators

 Australia
  • Air Affairs/Top Aces – 3 (Former Luftwaffe Alpha Jet A) provided by Top Aces. Operated in support of Australian Defence Force training.
 Belgium
 Germany
 Ivory Coast
 Portugal
  • Portuguese Air Force – (Alpha Jet A) – 50 former Luftwaffe aircraft) acquired 1993. Retired 13 January 2018.
 United Kingdom
  • QinetiQ – 12 (Alpha Jet A, former Luftwaffe aircraft) – retired 31 January 2018

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Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet"1973"

 
French Air Force Alpha Jet E
  • Alpha Jet A: Attack version originally used by Germany.
  • Alpha Jet E: Trainer version originally used by France and Belgium.
  • Alpha Jet 2: Development of the Alpha Jet E optimized for ground attack. This version was originally named the Alpha Jet NGAE (Nouvelle Generation Appui/Ecole or “New Generation Attack/Training”),
  • Alpha Jet MS1: Close support-capable version assembled in Egypt.
  • Alpha Jet MS2: Improved version with new avionics, an uprated engine, Magic Air-to-Air missiles, and a Lancier glass cockpit.
  • Alpha Jet ATS (Advanced Training System): A version fitted with multi-functional controls and a glass cockpit that will train pilots in the use of navigation and attack systems of the latest and future generation fighter aircraft. This version was also called the Alpha Jet 3 or Lancier.

Specifications

Crew: 2

Length: 13.23 m (43 ft 5 in)

Wingspan: 9.11 m (29 ft 11 in)

Height: 4.19 m (13 ft 9 in)

Empty weight: 3,515 kg (7,749 lb)

Gross weight: 5,000 kg (11,023 lb)

Max takeoff weight: 7,500 kg (16,535 lb)

Fuel capacity: 1,520 kg (3,351 lb)

Powerplant: 2 × SNECMA Turbomeca Larzac 04-C5 turbofan engines, 

Maximum speed: 1,000 km/h (620 mph, 540 kn) at sea level

Stall speed: 167 km/h (104 mph, 90 kn) (flaps and undercarriage down)

Combat range: 610 km (380 mi, 330 nmi) lo-lo-lo profile, gun pod, underwing weapons and two drop tanks

Ferry range: 2,940 km (1,830 mi, 1,590 nmi) with 2x 310 l (82 US gal; 68 imp gal) droptanks

Endurance: (internal fuel only) 2 hours 30 minutes at low altitude; 3 hours 30 minutes at high altitude

Service ceiling: 14,630 m (48,000 ft)

g limits: +12 / -6.4 (Ultimate)

Guns: One 27 mm Mauser BK-27 cannon in centreline gun pack with 120 rounds or one 30 mm DEFA cannon in centreline pod with 150 rounds

Hardpoints: 5 with a capacity of 2,500 kg (5,512 lb),with provisions to carry combinations of:

Rockets: Two Matra rocket pods with eighteen SNEB 68 mm rockets each or two CRV7 rocket pods with nineteen 70 mm rockets each

Missiles: Two AIM-9 Sidewinders; two Matra Magic IIs; two AGM-65 Mavericks;

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

Both the French Air Force and German Air Force procured the Alpha Jet in large numbers, the former principally as a trainer aircraft and the latter choosing to use it as a light attack platform. As a result of post-Cold War military cutbacks,