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Dassault-mirage-iii "1956"

The Dassault Mirage III is a family of single/dual-seat, single-engine, fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by French aircraft company Dassault Aviation. It was the first Western European combat aircraft to exceed Mach 2 in horizontal flight, a feat which was achieved on October 24 1958,[2] the English Electric Lightning achieving it on November 25 1958.

Dassault-mirage-iII "1956"

RoleInterceptor aircraft
National originFrance
ManufacturerDassault Aviation
First flight17 November 1956
Introduction1961
StatusIn service with the Pakistan Air Force
Primary usersFrench Air Force 
Royal Australian Air Force
Number built1,422
VariantsDassault Mirage IIIV
Dassault Mirage 5
Atlas Cheetah

Dassault: Millitary / WW1 and WW2

Dassault: Millitary

Mirage III / Mirage F1 / Mirage IV / Mirage 2000 N/D

Mirage 2000 C / Rafale / Mystere IV / Ouragon
Super Mystére B2 /  Dassault Mirage V

Dassault: Bleriot/ Nieuport

Nieuport 10 / Nieuport 11 Bébe / Nieuport 17 / Nieuport 24
Nieuport 28 / Nieuport 11N / Nieuport 10 / Morane type H13
Morane 317 / SPAD-XII / Morane 406 / Bleriot Spad 54 / Potez. 53
Potez 25.5 / Potez 6o / Potez 630 / Dassault Millitary / Bloch MD.150

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Dassault-mirage-iII "1956"

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Dassault-mirage-iII "1956"

The Dassault Mirage III (French pronunciation: ​[miʁaʒ]) is a family of single/dual-seat, single-engine, fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by French aircraft company Dassault Aviation. It was the first Western European combat aircraft to exceed Mach 2 in horizontal flight,[1] a feat which was achieved on October 24 1958,[2] the English Electric Lightning achieving it on November 25 1958.[3]

In 1952, the French government issued its specification, calling for a lightweight, all-weather interceptor. Amongst the respondents were Dassault with their design, initially known as the Mirage I. Following favourable flight testing held over the course of 1954, in which speeds of up to Mach 1.6 were attained, it was decided that a larger follow-on aircraft would be required to bear the necessary equipment and payloads. An enlarged Mirage II proposal was considered, as well as MD 610 Cavalier (3 versions),[4] but was discarded in favour of a further-developed design, powered by the newly developed Snecma Atar afterburning turbojet engine, designated as the Mirage III.

Dassault Mirage III Design

The Mirage III family has its origins within a series of studies conducted by the French Defence Ministry which had commenced in 1952. At the time, several nations had taken an interest in the prospects of a light fighter, which had been motivated by combat experiences acquired during the Korean War, specifically the Soviet-built Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 jet-propelled fighter aircraft which had drawn considerable attention internationally.[7] Western nations were keen to explore the performance of a relatively uncomplicated and heavily armed jet-powered swept wing fighter, inspired by the rapid advances in aircraft capabilities that had been made by the Soviet Union. France was one of the quickest governments of several nations, including the United Kingdom (resulting in the Folland Gnat), the United States (leading to the Douglas A-4 Skyhawk), and Italy (which became the Fiat G.91), to embark on encouraging the development of such an aircraft. In 1952, the French government issued its specification, calling for a lightweight, all-weather interceptor, capable of climbing to 18,000 meters (59,100 ft) in 6 minutes along with the ability to reach Mach 1.3 in level flight.

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Dassault Mirage III (1956)

Following the development of the Mirage 50, Dassault had experimented with yet another derivative of the original Mirage series, named the Mirage 3NG (Nouvelle Génération, new generation). Like the Milan and Mirage 50, the 3NG was powered by the Atar 9K-50 engine. The prototype, a conversion of a Mirage IIIR, flew in December 1982.[citation needed]

The Mirage 3NG had a modified delta wing with leading-edge root extensions, plus a pair of fixed canards fitted above and behind the air intakes. The canards provided a degree of turbulent airflow over the wing to make the aircraft more unstable and so more maneuverable.[citation needed] The aircraft’s avionics were completely modernized, making use of the parallel development effort underway for the next-generation Mirage 2000 fighter. Chiefly amongst these changes, the Mirage 3NG used a fly-by-wire system to allow control over the aircraft’s instabilities

Specifications

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 15.03 m (49 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.22 m (27 ft 0 in)
  • Height: 4.5 m (14 ft 9 in)
  • Empty weight: 7,050 kg (15,543 lb)
  • Gross weight: 9,600 kg (21,164 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 13,700 kg (30,203 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × SNECMA Atar 09C afterburning turbojet engine, 41.97 kN (9,440 lbf) thrust dry, 60.8 kN (13,700 lbf) 
  • Maximum speed: 2,350 km/h (1,460 mph, 1,270 kn) at 12,000 m (39,000 ft)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 2.2
  • Combat range: 1,200 km (750 mi, 650 nmi)
  • Ferry range: 3,335 km (2,072 mi, 1,801 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 17,000 m (56,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 83 m/s (16,400 ft/min)

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On 29 November 1966, the pilot of an Israeli Air Force Dassault Mirage III shot down two Egyptian MiG-19s which were trying to intercept an Israeli reconnaissance Piper J-3 Cub in Israeli airspace. The first MiG was destroyed with a R.530 radar guided missile fired from less than a mile away, marking the first aerial kill for the French made missile. The second MiG-19 was dispatched with cannon fire

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