McDonnell / Douglas

717 Narrow-body

Douglas DC-8 Airliner

McDonnell / Douglas


The Boeing 717 is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner, developed for the 100-seat market.

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717 Airliner

The Boeing 717 is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner, developed for the 100-seat market. The airliner was designed and originally marketed by McDonnell Douglas as the MD-95, a derivative of the DC-9 family. Capable of seating up to 134 passengers, the 717 has a design range of 2,060 nautical miles (3,820 km). It is powered by two Rolls-Royce BR715 turbofan engines mounted at the rear of the fuselage.

The first order for the airliner was placed with McDonnell Douglas in October 1995 by ValuJet Airlines (later AirTran Airways). With McDonnell Douglas and Boeing merging in 1997 prior to production, the airliner entered service in 1999 as the Boeing 717. Production of the Boeing 717 ceased in May 2006 after 156 were built. As of July 2018, 148 Boeing 717 aircraft were still in service.


The 717 features a two-crew cockpit that incorporates six interchangeable liquid-crystal-display units and advanced Honeywell VIA 2000 computers. The cockpit design is called Advanced Common Flightdeck (ACF) and is shared with the MD-10 and MD-11. Flight deck features include an Electronic Instrument System, a dual Flight Management System, a Central Fault Display System, and Global Positioning System. Category IIIb automatic landing capability for bad-weather operations and Future Air Navigation Systems are available. The 717 shares the same type rating as the DC-9, such that the FAA approved transition courses for DC-9 and analog MD-80 pilots that could be completed in 11 days



RoleNarrow-body jet airliner
National originUnited States
ManufacturerBoeing Commercial Airplanes
DesignerMcDonnell Douglas
First flightSeptember 2, 1998]
IntroductionOctober 12, 1999, with AirTran Airways
StatusIn service
Primary usersDelta Air Lines
Hawaiian Airlines
AirTran Airways 
Number built156
Developed fromMcDonnell Douglas DC-9


Program milestones

  • Announced: June 16, 1991 at the Paris Air Show as MD-95 program by McDonnell Douglas[41]
  • Approval to offer: July 22, 1994 McDonnell Douglas received board approval to offer the aircraft.[13][42]
  • First order: October 10, 1995 from ValuJet (later to become AirTran Airways) for 50 firm and 50 options for MD-95s[2][42]
  • Roll out: June 10, 1998 at Long Beach, California[2][43]
  • First flight: September 2, 1998[1][2]
  • Certification: FAA: September 1, 1999;[44] EASA (JAA): September 16, 1999[45]
  • Entry into service: October 12, 1999 with AirTran Airways on Atlanta-Washington, D.C. (Dulles) route[2][23]
  • Last delivery: May 23, 2006 to AirTran Airways.

Specifications (Douglas DC-8-30)

  • Cockpit crew[61]:66Two
    2-class seating:10106 (8J+98Y @36–32 in, 91–81 cm)
    1-class seating:11117Y@32 in (81 cm)
    Exit limit[61]:81134
    Cargo:7935 ft³ / 26.5 m³730 ft³ / 20.7 m³
    Length:8124 ft 0 in / 37.8 m
    Wingspan:893 ft 4 in / 28.4 m
    Height:929 ft 8 in / 9.0 m
    Width:13Fuselage: 131.6 in / 334.2 cm, Cabin: 123.8 in / 314.5 cm
    PropulsionTurbofan Engines
    Engine ModelPratt & Whitney JT3D-7
    Engine Power (each)84,5 kN19000 lbf
    alternative Engine Variant
    Engine ModelCFM Intl. CFM56-2C1
    Engine Power (each)97,9 kN22000 lbf

Specifications (Douglas (DC-8-70)


Max. takeoff:7110,000 lb / 49,895 kg121,000 lb / 54,884 kg
Empty weight:767,500 lb / 30,617 kg68,500 lb / 31,071 kg
Max. payload[61]:6626500 lb / 12021 kg32000 lb / 14515 kg
Fuel weight:724,609 lb / 11,163 kg29,500 lb / 13,382 kg

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

The Douglas World Cruiser (DWC) was developed to meet a requirement from the United States Army Air Service for an aircraft suitable for an attempt at the first flight around the world. The Douglas Aircraft Company responded with a modified variant of their DT torpedo bomber, the DWC.