McDonnell / Douglas

Douglas
DC-2 Uiver (Stork)

Douglas DC-2 Uiver (Stork)

McDonnell / Douglas

McDonnell/Douglas

The Douglas DC-2 is a 14-passenger, twin-engined airliner that was produced by the American company Douglas Aircraft Corporation starting in 1934.

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McDonnell/Douglas
DC-2 Uiver

In the early 1930s, fears about the safety of wooden aircraft structures drove the US aviation industry to develop all-metal airliners. United Airlines had exclusive right to the all metal twin-engine Boeing 247; rival TWA issued a specification for an all-metal trimotor.

The Douglas response was more radical. When it flew on July 1, 1933, the prototype DC-1 had a robust tapered wing, retractable landing gear, and two 690 hp (515 kW) Wright radial engines driving variable-pitch propellers. It seated 12 passengers.

Netherlands
DC-2 Uiver

Although overshadowed by its ubiquitous successor, it was the DC-2 that first showed that passenger air travel could be comfortable, safe and reliable. As a token of this, KLM entered its first DC-2 PH-AJU Uiver (Stork) in the October 1934 MacRobertson Air Race between London and Melbourne. Out of the 20 entrants, it finished second behind only the purpose-built de Havilland DH.88 racer Grosvenor House. During the total journey time of 90 hours, 13 min, it was in the air for 81 hours, 10 min, and won the handicap section of the race. (The DH.88 finished first in the handicap section,

McDonnell

McDonnell

RolePassenger & military transport
ManufacturerDouglas Aircraft Company
First flightMay 11, 1934
IntroductionMay 18, 1934 with Trans World Airlines
StatusRetired
Primary usersTranscontinental & Western Air (TWA)
KLM
Pan American Airways
Produced1934–1939
Number built198
Developed fromDouglas DC-1
Developed intoDouglas B-18 Bolo
Douglas DC-3

Operators

 Netherlands
  • KLM ♠ ordered 18 aircraft.
 Poland
Spain Spanish Republic
  Switzerland
 United States

Specifications (DC-2 Uiver)

General characteristics

  • Crew: two-three
  • Capacity: 14 passengers
  • Length: 61 ft 11.75 in (18.8913 m)
  • Wingspan: 85 ft 0 in (25.91 m)
  • Height: 16 ft 3.75 in (4.9721 m)
  • Wing area: 939 sq ft (87.2 m2)
  • Airfoil: root: NACA 2215; tip: NACA 2209[63]
  • Empty weight: 12,408 lb (5,628 kg)
  • Gross weight: 18,560 lb (8,419 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Wright GR-1820-F52 Cyclone 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine
  • Propellers: 3-bladed variable-pitch metal propellers

Specifications (DC-2 Uiver)

Performance

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 210 mph (340 km/h, 180 kn) at 8,000 ft (2,400 m)
  • Cruise speed: 190 mph (310 km/h, 170 kn) at 8,000 ft (2,400 m)
  • Range: 1,000 mi (1,600 km, 870 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 22,450 ft (6,840 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,000 ft/min (5.1 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 19.8 lb/sq ft (97 kg/m2)
  • Power/mass: 0.082 hp/lb (0.135 kW/kg)

Related

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia 2021

The Douglas DC-2 is a 14-passenger, twin-engined airliner that was produced by the American company Douglas Aircraft Corporation starting in 1934. It competed with the Boeing 247. In 1935, Douglas produced a larger version called the DC-3, which became one of the most successful aircraft in history.