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Douglas DC-2 Uiver

The Douglas A-1 Skyraider (formerly known as AD Skyraider) is an American single-seat attack aircraft that saw service between the late 1940s and early 1980s. The Skyraider had a remarkably long and successful career; it became a piston-powered, propeller-driven anachronism in the jet age, and was nicknamed "Spad", after the French World War I fighter

Douglas: DC-2 Uiver

Role Passenger & military transport
Manufacturer Douglas Aircraft Company
First flight May 11, 1934
Introduction May 18, 1934 with Trans World Airlines
Status Retired
Primary users Transcontinental & Western Air (TWA)
KLM / Pan American Airways
Produced 1934–1939
Number built 198
Developed from Douglas DC-1
Developed into Douglas B-18 Bolo / Douglas DC-3

McDonnell/Douglas

The Douglas DC-2 is a 14-passenger, twin-engined airliner that was produced by the American company Douglas Aircraft Corporation starting in 1934.

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McDonnell/Douglas
DC-2 Uiver

In the early 1930s, fears about the safety of wooden aircraft structures drove the US aviation industry to develop all-metal airliners. United Airlines had exclusive right to the all metal twin-engine Boeing 247; rival TWA issued a specification for an all-metal trimotor.

The Douglas response was more radical. When it flew on July 1, 1933, the prototype DC-1 had a robust tapered wing, retractable landing gear, and two 690 hp (515 kW) Wright radial engines driving variable-pitch propellers. It seated 12 passengers.

Netherlands
DC-2 Uiver

Although overshadowed by its ubiquitous successor, it was the DC-2 that first showed that passenger air travel could be comfortable, safe and reliable. As a token of this, KLM entered its first DC-2 PH-AJU Uiver (Stork) in the October 1934 MacRobertson Air Race between London and Melbourne. Out of the 20 entrants, it finished second behind only the purpose-built de Havilland DH.88 racer Grosvenor House. During the total journey time of 90 hours, 13 min, it was in the air for 81 hours, 10 min, and won the handicap section of the race. (The DH.88 finished first in the handicap section,

Operators

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Douglas DC-2 Uiver (1934)

The U.S. Army Air Forces sent 52 A-24 Banshees in crates to the Philippines in the fall of 1941 to equip the 27th Bombardment Group, whose personnel were sent separately. However, after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, these bombers were diverted to Australia and the 27th BG fought on the Bataan Peninsula as infantry. While in Australia the aircraft were reassembled for flight to the Philippines but their missing parts, including solenoids, trigger motors and gun mounts delayed their shipment. Plagued with mechanical problems, the A-24s were diverted to the 91st Bombardment Squadron and designated for assignment to Java Island instead.

Specifications

  • General characteristics

    • Crew: two-three
    • Capacity: 14 passengers
    • Length: 61 ft 11.75 in (18.8913 m)
    • Wingspan: 85 ft 0 in (25.91 m)
    • Height: 16 ft 3.75 in (4.9721 m)
    • Empty weight: 12,408 lb (5,628 kg)
    • Gross weight: 18,560 lb (8,419 kg)
    • Powerplant: 2 × Wright GR-1820-F52 Cyclone 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine
  • Performance

    • Maximum speed: 210 mph (340 km/h, 180 kn) at 8,000 ft (2,400 m)
    • Cruise speed: 190 mph (310 km/h, 170 kn) at 8,000 ft (2,400 m)
    • Range: 1,000 mi (1,600 km, 870 nmi)
    • Service ceiling: 22,450 ft (6,840 m)
    • Rate of climb: 1,000 ft/min (5.1 m/s)
    • Wing loading: 19.8 lb/sq ft (97 kg/m2)
    • Power/mass: 0.082 hp/lb (0.135 kW/kg)

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia 2021

The Douglas DC-2 is a 14-passenger, twin-engined airliner that was produced by the American company Douglas Aircraft Corporation starting in 1934. It competed with the Boeing 247. In 1935, Douglas produced a larger version called the DC-3, which became one of the most successful aircraft in history.