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Douglas SBD Dauntless

The Douglas A-1 Skyraider (formerly known as AD Skyraider) is an American single-seat attack aircraft that saw service between the late 1940s and early 1980s. The Skyraider had a remarkably long and successful career; it became a piston-powered, propeller-driven anachronism in the jet age, and was nicknamed "Spad", after the French World War I fighter

Douglas: SBD Dauntless

Role Dive bomber / Scout plane
National origin United States
Manufacturer Douglas Aircraft
Designer Ed Heinemann
First flight 1 May 1940
Introduction 1940
Retired 1959 (Mexico)
Primary users United States Navy
United States Marine Corps / United States Army Air Forces / Free French Air Force
Produced 1940–1944
Number built 5,936
Developed from Northrop BT

McDonnell/Douglas

The Douglas SBD Dauntless is a World War II American naval scout plane and dive bomber.

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Douglas
SBD Dauntless

The Douglas SBD Dauntless is a World War II American naval scout plane and dive bomber that was manufactured by Douglas Aircraft from 1940 through 1944. The SBD (“Scout Bomber Douglas”) was the United States Navy‘s main carrier-based scout/dive bomber from mid-1940 through mid-1944. The SBD was also flown by the United States Marine Corps, both from land air bases and aircraft carriers. The SBD is best remembered as the bomber that delivered the fatal blows to the Japanese carriers at the Battle of Midway in June 1942.[1] The type earned its nickname “Slow But Deadly” (from its SBD initials) during this period.

Operational History

U.S. Navy and Marine Corps SBDs saw their first action at Pearl Harbor, when most of the Marine Corps SBDs of Marine Scout Bombing Squadron 232 (VMSB-232) were destroyed on the ground at Ewa Mooring Mast Field. Most U.S. Navy SBDs flew from their aircraft carriers, which did not operate in close cooperation with the rest of the fleet. Most Navy SBDs at Pearl Harbor, like their Marine Corps counterparts, were destroyed on the ground.[6] On 10 December 1941, SBDs from USS Enterprise sank the Japanese submarine I-70.

Operators

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Douglas SBD Dauntless (1940)

The U.S. Army Air Forces sent 52 A-24 Banshees in crates to the Philippines in the fall of 1941 to equip the 27th Bombardment Group, whose personnel were sent separately. However, after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, these bombers were diverted to Australia and the 27th BG fought on the Bataan Peninsula as infantry. While in Australia the aircraft were reassembled for flight to the Philippines but their missing parts, including solenoids, trigger motors and gun mounts delayed their shipment. Plagued with mechanical problems, the A-24s were diverted to the 91st Bombardment Squadron and designated for assignment to Java Island instead.

Specifications

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 33 ft 1.25 in (10.0902 m)
  • Wingspan: 41 ft 6.375 in (12.65873 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 7 in (4.14 m)
  • Empty weight: 6,404 lb (2,905 kg)
  • Gross weight: 9,359 lb (4,245 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 10,700 lb (4,853 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-1820-60 Cyclone 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 1,200 hp (890 kW)
  • Maximum speed: 255 mph (410 km/h, 222 kn) at 14,000 ft (4,300 m)
  • Cruise speed: 185 mph (298 km/h, 161 kn)
  • Range: 1,115 mi (1,794 km, 969 nmi)
  • Ferry range: 1,565 mi (2,519 km, 1,360 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 25,530 ft (7,780 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,700 ft/min (8.6 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 28.8 lb/sq ft (141 kg/m2)
  • Power/mass: 0.128 hp/lb (0.210 kW/kg)

Guns: 
2 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) forward-firing synchronized Browning M2 machine guns in engine cowling2 × 0.30 in (7.62 mm) flexible-mounted Browning M1919 machine guns in rear

Bombs:
2,250 lb (1,020 kg) of bombs

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

The Douglas World Cruiser (DWC) was developed to meet a requirement from the United States Army Air Service for an aircraft suitable for an attempt at the first flight around the world. The Douglas Aircraft Company responded with a modified variant of their DT torpedo bomber, the DWC.