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FW-C-3605-
"Alpine Anteater"

The EKW C-36 was a Swiss multi-purpose combat aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s, built by the Eidgenoessische Konstruktionswerkstaette. It was a single-engined monoplane with a crew of two. It entered service during World War II in 1942, and despite being obsolete, remained in front line use until the early 1950s, and as a target tug until 1987.

FW-C-3605-"Alpine Anteater"

Role Ground-attack aircraft
National origin Switzerland
Manufacturer EKW
First flight 15 May 1939
Introduction 1942
Primary user Swiss Air Force
Number built 175
Variants F+W C-3605


Pilatus

The EKW C-36 was a Swiss multi-purpose combat aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s,

Goto Pilatus Aircraft

The EKW C-36 was a Swiss multi-purpose combat aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s, built by the Eidgenoessische Konstruktionswerkstaette. It was a single-engined monoplane with a crew of two. It entered service during World War II in 1942, and despite being obsolete, remained in front line use until the early 1950s, and as a target tug until 1987.

Operational History

In 1935, the Swiss Air Force developed a requirement for a replacement for the Fokker C.V-E biplanes, which were used as reconnaissance aircraft, escort fighters and patrol aircraft. To meet this requirement, the Swiss Federal Constructions Works (EKW) proposed two designs, a modernised C.V, the EKW C-35 and an all new monoplane, the C-36.[1]

Orders for 80 C-35s were placed in 1936, but no decision was made about whether to order the C-36, with preference being given to the purchase of foreign twin-engined aircraft for the role, attempts been made to buy Messerschmitt Bf 110s from Germany or Potez 63s from France.

Operators

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EKW C-36A Multi purpose

C-3601First prototype with long-span wings, fixed undercarriage and powered by 641 kW (860 hp) Hispano-Suiza 12YCrs engine.[2]C-3602Second prototype powered by 746 kW (1,000 hp) Hispano-Suiza 12 Y-51.[2]C-3603Production version with retractable undercarriage, powered by Hispano-Suiza 12 Y-51. Armed by one 20mm Oerlikon moteur-canon cannon firing through propeller hub, two 7.5mm machine guns in the wings and two machine guns in the rear cockpit.[5]

C-3603-0
Service trial aircraft with long-span (15.10 m (48 ft 6½ in)) wings. 10 built, of which 9 were later converted to C-3603-1 standard

Specifications

  • General characteristics

    • Crew: Two
    • Length: 10.23 m (33 ft 2.33 in)
    • Wingspan: 13.74 m (45 ft 1 in)
    • Height: 3.29 m (10 ft 9.5 in)
    • Wing area: 28.4 m2 (305.7 sq ft)
    • Empty weight: 2,315 kg (5,103 lb)
    • Gross weight: 4,085 kg (9,006 lb)
    • Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 12Y-51 V12, 746 kW (1,000 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 476 km/h (296 mph, 257 kn)
  • Range: 680 km (425 mi, 369 nmi)
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Service ceiling: 8,700 m (28,550 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 10.4 m/s (2,050 ft/min)

Armament

  • 1× 20 mm cannon and 2× 7.5 mm machine guns fixed forward firing
  • 2× 7.5 mm machine guns in rear cockpit
  • 400 kg (880 lb) bombs

Related development

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Ultimate encyclopedia

Aircrafttotaal

The C-3601 crashed on 20 August 1939 due to wing flutter, but a second prototype, the C-3602, which had a more powerful engine and a constant-speed propeller flew on 30 November that year. Testing was successful, and orders were placed in 1940 for an initial batch of 10 C-3603 with a retractable undercarriage.[3] Operational history

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