Pilatus Switserland

EKW C-36 "Multi Purpose"

FW-C-3605 "Alpine Anteater"

Switserland Aircraft


The EKW C-36 was a Swiss multi-purpose combat aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s,

Goto Pilatus Aircraft

The EKW C-36 was a Swiss multi-purpose combat aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s, built by the Eidgenoessische Konstruktionswerkstaette. It was a single-engined monoplane with a crew of two. It entered service during World War II in 1942, and despite being obsolete, remained in front line use until the early 1950s, and as a target tug until 1987.

Operational History

In 1935, the Swiss Air Force developed a requirement for a replacement for the Fokker C.V-E biplanes, which were used as reconnaissance aircraft, escort fighters and patrol aircraft. To meet this requirement, the Swiss Federal Constructions Works (EKW) proposed two designs, a modernised C.V, the EKW C-35 and an all new monoplane, the C-36.[1]

Orders for 80 C-35s were placed in 1936, but no decision was made about whether to order the C-36, with preference being given to the purchase of foreign twin-engined aircraft for the role, attempts been made to buy Messerschmitt Bf 110s from Germany or Potez 63s from France.

RoleGround-attack aircraft
National originSwitzerland
First flight15 May 1939
Primary userSwiss Air Force
Number built175
VariantsF+W C-3605

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two
  • Length: 10.23 m (33 ft 2.33 in)
  • Wingspan: 13.74 m (45 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 3.29 m (10 ft 9.5 in)
  • Wing area: 28.4 m2 (305.7 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 2,315 kg (5,103 lb)
  • Gross weight: 4,085 kg (9,006 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 12Y-51 V12, 746 kW (1,000 hp)



  • Maximum speed: 476 km/h (296 mph, 257 kn)
  • Range: 680 km (425 mi, 369 nmi)
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Service ceiling: 8,700 m (28,550 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 10.4 m/s (2,050 ft/min)



  • 1× 20 mm cannon and 2× 7.5 mm machine guns fixed forward firing
  • 2× 7.5 mm machine guns in rear cockpit
  • 400 kg (880 lb) bombs

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

Eidgenössische Konstruktionswerkstätte English: "Federal Constructions Works", short K+W, was a Swiss state-owned enterprise, with the aim of making the Swiss military independent of foreign sources for its equipment needs. It was established in 1867 in Thun.