embraer Brazilian

Embraer EMB 312/314 Tucano

Embraer EMB 312 Tucano

Brazilian Aircraft

Embraer EMB 312/314 Tucano


The Embraer EMB 312 Tucano (English: Toucan; About this soundpronunciation) is a low-wing, tandem-seat, single-turboprop,
basic trainer

Goto Embraer Aircraft

The Embraer EMB 312 Tucano (English: Toucan; About this soundpronunciation) is a low-wing, tandem-seat, single-turboprop, basic trainer with counter-insurgency capability developed in Brazil. The Brazilian Air Force sponsored the EMB-312 project at the end of 1978. Design and development work began in 1979 on a low-cost, relatively simple new basic trainer with innovative features which eventually became the international standard for basic training aircraft.[3] The prototype first flew in 1980, and initial production units were delivered in 1983

Operational History

A total of 118 T-27s were purchased by the Brazilian Air Force (FAB) with an option for a further 50 aircraft.[53] On 29 September 1983, the first units were delivered as an aerobatic demonstration aircraft for the FAB Demonstration Squadron, the “Smoke Squadron” (Esquadrilha da Fumaça), and the first demonstration took place in December the same year.[54] In 1990, the FAB confirmed an order of 10 units from the 50 options held from the original Tucano contract in 1980.[55] Eventually, the FAB received the remaining 40 aircraft, raising the total number of delivered units to 168

RoleTrainer aircraft, with small light attack capabilities
National originBrazil
First flight16 August 1980
IntroductionSeptember 1983
Primary usersBrazilian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
Argentine Air Force
Number built624[2]
VariantsShort Tucano
Developed intoEmbraer EMB 314 Super Tucano


Former operators

 United Kingdom

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 9.86 m (32 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 11.14 m (36 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 3.4 m (11 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 19.4 m2 (209 sq ft)
  • Airfoil: root: NACA 63A415; tip: NACA 63A212[123]
  • Empty weight: 1,810 kg (3,990 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 3,175 kg (7,000 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 694 litres (183 US gal; 153 imp gal)[43]
  • Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25C turboprop engine, 552 kW (740 hp) [124]
  • Propellers: 4-bladed constant-speed propeller



  • Maximum speed: 458 km/h (285 mph, 247 kn) at 4,115 metres (13,501 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 441 km/h (274 mph, 238 kn)
  • Stall speed: 124 km/h (77 mph, 67 kn)
  • Never exceed speed: 539 km/h (335 mph, 291 kn)
  • Range: 1,916 km (1,191 mi, 1,035 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 8,750 m (28,710 ft)
  • g limits: +6 3
  • Wing loading: 164 kg/m2 (34 lb/sq ft)




    • Guns: ** Gun pods:AN/M-B machine gun12,7 mm machine gun7,62 mm machine gun (500 rounds)
      • Rocket Machine Gun pod:RMP LC with a 12.7mm M3P and (4x) 70 mm[125]
    • Hardpoints: 4 under-wing pylons with a capacity of 1,000 kg (2,200 lb),
    • Rockets: ** 127 mm HVAR ground rocketsRocket pods:
      • SBAT (7x) 37 mm
      • SBAT (7x) 70 mm

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

Embraer S.A. (Portuguese pronunciation: [ẽmbɾaˈɛɾ]) is a Brazilian aerospace conglomerate that produces commercial, military, executive and agricultural aircraft and provides aeronautical services. It was founded in 1969 in São José dos Campos, São Paulo, where its headquarters are located. The company is the third largest producer of civil aircraft, after Boeing and Airbus