EmbraerEMB 312/314
Tucano "1980"

In early 1977, Embraer forwarded two proposals for the Brazilian Air Force trainer requirement: the Lycoming TIO-541-powered EMB-301 basic trainer based on the Neiva Universal and the PT6A-powered EMB-311 counter-insurgency aircraft based on the Carajá. None of the proposals was acceptable to the Air Force, but interest was expressed in the higher-performance EMB-311.

Embraer: EMB 312 / 314 Tucano "1980"

Role Trainer aircraft, with small light attack capabilities
National origin Brazil
Manufacturer Embraer
First flight 16 August 1980
Introduction September 1983
Status Active
Primary users Brazilian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force / Argentine Air Force
Produced 1980–1996
Number built 624
Variants Short Tucano
Developed into Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano

Embraer EMB 312/314 Tucano


The Embraer EMB 312 Tucano is a low-wing, tandem-seat, single-turboprop, basic trainer

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The Embraer EMB 312 Tucano (English: Toucan; About this soundpronunciation) is a low-wing, tandem-seat, single-turboprop, basic trainer with counter-insurgency capability developed in Brazil. The Brazilian Air Force sponsored the EMB-312 project at the end of 1978. Design and development work began in 1979 on a low-cost, relatively simple new basic trainer with innovative features which eventually became the international standard for basic training aircraft.[3] The prototype first flew in 1980, and initial production units were delivered in 1983

Operational History

A total of 118 T-27s were purchased by the Brazilian Air Force (FAB) with an option for a further 50 aircraft.[53] On 29 September 1983, the first units were delivered as an aerobatic demonstration aircraft for the FAB Demonstration Squadron, the “Smoke Squadron” (Esquadrilha da Fumaça), and the first demonstration took place in December the same year.[54] In 1990, the FAB confirmed an order of 10 units from the 50 options held from the original Tucano contract in 1980.[55] Eventually, the FAB received the remaining 40 aircraft, raising the total number of delivered units to 168


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Embraer EMB 312/314 Tucano (1980)

Total new production of the Stinson Model 108, by Stinson, was 5,260; this total does not include the two converted prototypes. Stinson delivered approximately 4,935 aircraft and Piper delivered approximately 325 aircraft. Piper later sold the type certificate to Univair Aircraft Corporation. Univair built and certified the model 108-5, but built only one example. Total new model production by Stinson and Univair was 5,261 aircraf


Crew: 2

Length: 9.86 m (32 ft 4 in)

Wingspan: 11.14 m (36 ft 7 in)

Height: 3.4 m (11 ft 2 in) 

Empty weight: 1,810 kg (3,990 lb)

Max takeoff weight: 3,175 kg (7,000 lb

Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25C turboprop engine,

Maximum speed: 458 km/h (285 mph, 247 kn) at 4,115 metres (13,501 ft)

Cruise speed: 441 km/h (274 mph, 238 kn)

Stall speed: 124 km/h (77 mph, 67 kn)

Never exceed speed: 539 km/h (335 mph, 291 kn)

Range: 1,916 km (1,191 mi, 1,035 nmi)

Service ceiling: 8,750 m (28,710 ft)

g limits: +6 3


Gun pods:AN/M-B machine gun12,7 mm machine gun7,62 mm machine gun (500 rounds)

Rocket Machine Gun pod:RMP LC with a 12.7mm M3P and (4x) 70 mm
Hardpoints: 4 under-wing pylons with a capacity of 1,000 kg (2,200 lb),
Rockets: ** 127 mm HVAR ground rockets

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Embraer S.A. (Portuguese pronunciation: [ẽmbɾaˈɛɾ]) is a Brazilian aerospace conglomerate that produces commercial, military, executive and agricultural aircraft and provides aeronautical services. It was founded in 1969 in São José dos Campos, São Paulo, where its headquarters are located. The company is the third largest producer of civil aircraft, after Boeing and Airbus

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