Airbus A320NEO Family "2016"

The Eurocopter Tiger is a four-blade, twin-engine attack helicopter which first entered service in 2003. It is manufactured by Airbus Helicopters (formerly Eurocopter), the successor company to Aérospatiale's and DASA's respective helicopter divisions, which designate it as the EC665. Following their languages, in Germany it is known as the Tiger; in France and Spain it is called the Tigre.

Airbus A320NEO Family "2016"

Role Narrow-body airliner
National origin Multi-national
Manufacturer Airbus
First flight 25 September 2014
Introduction 25 January 2016 with Lufthansa
Status In service
Primary users IndiGo / Frontier Airlines
Produced 2012–present
Number built 1,782 as of May 2021
Developed from Airbus A320ceo family


Airbus A320NEO Family "2016"

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Airbus A320/321 NEO Family "2016"

The Airbus A320neo family (neo for new engine option) is a development of the A320 family of narrow-body airliners produced by Airbus. The A320neo family is based on the previous A319, A320 and A321 (Enhanced variant), which was renamed to A320ceo, for “current engine option”.

Re-engined with CFM LEAP-1A or Pratt & Whitney PW1000G engines and fitted with sharklets as standard, it is 15% to 20% more fuel efficient than the A320ceo (Enhanced) family. It was launched on 1 December 2010, made its first flight on 25 September 2014 and was introduced by Lufthansa on 25 January 2016.

By 2019, the A320neo had a 60% market share against the competing Boeing 737 MAX.[4] As of May 2021, a total of 7,400 A320neo family aircraft had been ordered by more than 115 airlines

A320NEO Design

This lengthened fuselage variant has structural strengthening in the landing gear and wing, increased wing loading and other minor modifications due to higher Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW).

Its first customer was ILFC.[77] The Airbus A321neo prototype, D-AVXB, first flew on 9 February 2016.[78] It suffered a tailstrike three days later and was flown to Toulouse for repairs, delaying the certification programme for several weeks.[79]

It received its type certification with Pratt & Whitney engines on 15 December 2016,[80] and simultaneous EASA and FAA certification for the CFM Leap powered variant on 1 March 2017.[81] The first A321neo, leased by GECAS, was delivered in Hamburg to Virgin America, configured with 184 seats and LEAP engines, and entered service in May 2017.[82]

The neo empty weight is 1.8t more than the ceo due to new engines and associated airframe modifications: engine pylons, wing structure and bleed and oil systems were adapted. At the same maximum weight, it reaches FL310 30-nm before and 4 min earlier than the CEO



Airline A318 A319 A320 A320neo A321 A321neo Total
United Kingdom Acropolis Aviation   1   1     2
Greece Aegean Airlines   1 35 5 10 2 53
Republic of Ireland Aer Lingus     34   3 3 40
Russia Aeroflot     79   39   118
United States AeroTurbine     1       1
United States AerSale     2       2
Libya Afriqiyah Airways   3 8       11

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Airbus A320/321 NEO Family (2016)

At the A320neo programme launch on 1 December 2010, Airbus anticipated “a market potential of 4,000 A320neo Family aircraft over the next 15 years”.[10] In less than a year, By the November 2011 Dubai Airshow, the family had reached 1,420 orders and commitments, making it the “fastest selling aircraft ever”.[141] By March 2013, a little over two years after launch, It had received 2,000 orders.[142] At the first jet delivery in January 2016, the family had received almost 4,500 orders from nearly 80 customers.[143] As of May 2017 it had 5,052 orders : 49 A319neos (1%), 3,617 A320neos (72%) and 1,386 A321neos (27%), with 1,712 of them powered by CFM LEAPs (34%), 1,429 by PW GTFs (28%) and 1,911 undisclosed (38%)


  • Crew: 2 (pilot and weapon systems officer)
  • Length: 14.08 m (46 ft 2 in) fuselage
  • Height: 3.83 m (12 ft 7 inch
  • Empty weight: 3,060 kg (6,746 lb)
  • Gross weight: 5,090 kg (11,222 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 6,000 kg (13,228 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 1,080 kg (2,381 lb) internals
  • Powerplant: 2 × MTR MTR390 turboshaft engines, 972 kW (1,303 shp) each
  • Maximum speed:
    290 km/h (180 mph, 160 kn) with rotor head mast 315 km/h (196 mph; 170 kn) without rotor head mast
    Range: 800 km (500 mi, 430 nmi)
  • Ferry range: 1,300 km (810 mi, 700 nmi) with external tanks.
  • Service ceiling: 4,000 m (13,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 10.7 m/s (2,110 ft/min)
  • Disk loading: 38.343 kg/m2 (7.853 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.38 kW/kg (0.23 hp/lb)

1× 30 mm (1.18 in) GIAT 30 cannon in chin turret, with up to 450 rounds.

On each of its two inner hardpoints and two outer hardpoints the Eurocopter Tiger can carry a combination of the following weapons:

Inner hardpoints:
1x 20 mm (0.787 in) autocannon pods, or 22x 68 mm (2.68 in) SNEB unguided rockets in a pod, or 19x 70 mm (2.75 in) Hydra 70 unguided rockets in a pod or 4x AGM-114 Hellfire missiles (Australia/France) or 4x Spike-ER missiles (Spain)

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In January 2016, it was announced that France was working with Australia, Germany, and Spain to define a proposed further upgrade to its Tiger fleet, referred to as Tiger Mk3 upgrade. A key aspect of this upgrade, being scheduled to take place around 2023, is to be the adoption of a common anti-tank missile, as well as further improvements to the communication system.[99] In the 2018–19 time frame the French Army will be further upgrading its Tiger fleet with upgraded avionics and communications systems, and laser-guided rockets, the Tiger Mk3 upgrade.

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