The Eurocopter Tiger is a four-bladed, twin-engined attack helicopter which first entered service in 2003.
Eurocopter EC665 Tigre
Aerospatiale Alloutte III / Aerospatial Alloutte II Lama / Eurocopter BK-117 / Eurocopter EC-135 / Eurocopter EC-145 / Eurocopter EC155 / Eurocopter AS532 Puma /
Eurocopter EC725 / Eurocopter Colibri / Eurocopter Cougar / Eurocopter Dauphin / Eurocopter AS565 Panther / Eurocopter Ecureuil / Eurocopter Fennec /
Eurocopter Panther / Eurocopter H175 / Eurocopter Tiger EC665
Design and development
The Tiger is capable of undertaking a wide range of combat missions, including armed reconnaissance and surveillance, anti-tank and close air support, escort and protection of friendly assets; and can operate during day or night in all-weather conditions, and has been designed to include operations in the aftermath of nuclear, biological, or chemical warfare. The Tiger can also be used in the maritime environment, able to operate from the decks of ships including frigates and during extreme weather conditions. Amongst the Tiger's notable qualities, it possesses very high levels of agility, much of which is attributed to the design of its 13-meter four-bladed hingeless main rotor; the Tiger can perform full loops and negative g manoeuvres. Power is provided by a pair of FADEC-controlled MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce MTR390 turboshaft engines.
The Tiger has a tandem-seat 'glass cockpit' and is operated by a two-man crew; the pilot is placed in the forward position, with the gunner seated behind. Either of the crew members can manage the weapon systems or the primary flight controls, switching roles if necessitated; in addition to flying the aircraft, the Tiger's pilot would typically be in control of the self-defence systems and communications, as well as some secondary weapons functions. While some of the weapons use dedicated control interfaces, such as the anti-tank Trigat missile, air-to-air weapons can be managed via controls on both sets of collective and cyclic sticks
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The protection systems employed on the Tiger includes stealth; aspects such as the visual, radar, infra red and acoustic signatures have been minimised to better evade threats that may be present upon the battlefield. According to Andrew Warner, the Tiger's survivability "relies on stealth and agility". The use of composite materials on the airframe has resulted in reductions in radar cross-section (RCS), infra red and acoustic signatures to improve battlefield survivability. The fuselage is armoured and was developed to withstand small arms fire and 23 mm (0.91 in) cannon rounds.
Airbus EC 665 Tiger/Tigre
The Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters) Tiger is a four-bladed, twin-engined attack helicopter which first entered service in 2003. It is manufactured by Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters), the successor company to Aérospatiale's and DASA's respective helicopter divisions, which designate it as the EC665. Following their languages, in Germany it is known as the Tiger; in France and Spain it is called the Tigre.
Role Attack helicopter
National origin Multinational
First flight 27 April 1991
Status In service
Status In service
Primary users German Army
umber built 180 as of July 2019
Program cost €14.5bn (France/Germany/Spain, FY2012)
€27.4m (Tiger HAP, FY2013)
€36.1m (Tiger HAD, FY2013)
Eurocopter EC665 Tiger
The Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters) Tiger is a four-bladed, twin-engined attack helicopter which first entered service in 2003