FAdeA Argentina

FMA IA 50 Guaraní II

FMA IA 50 Guaraní II

Argentina Aircraft

FAdeA Argentina

FAdeA

The I.A. 50 Guaraní II is an Argentine utility aircraft designed at the DINFIA (successor to the "Instituto Aerotecnico" - AeroTechnical Institute) in the early 1960s.

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The FMA IAe 50 Guarani II In the early 1960s, the Argentine state aviation conglomerate, DINFIA, realised that its IA 35 Huanquero twin-piston engined light transport was becoming outdated, and it was decided to develop a turboprop-engined derivative. While of similar layout to the Huanquero, with both aircraft being twin-engined low-wing monoplane of all metal construction with a twin tail, the new aircraft, the Guaraní, shared only 20% of the structure of the Huanquero. It was powered by two Turbomeca Bastan III engines each rated at 850 shaft horsepower (630 kW).[1][2] It first flew on 6 February 1962

Design

The aircraft was further developed as the Guaruani II; the main difference being a single swept fin and a shortened rear fuselage. It also used more powerful (930 shaft horsepower (690 kW)) Bastan VIA engines. The fuselage was semi-monocoque with a squared cross-section, having unswept wings and swept tailplanes. The prototype Guaraní was rebuilt to this standard and flew in this form on 26 April 1963

RoleMulti-purpose aircraft
National originArgentina
ManufacturerFabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA)
First flight26 April 1963
Introduction1966
Retired7 January 2007
StatusRetired
Primary userFuerza Aérea Argentina
Number built3 prototypes + 32 series aircraft
Developed fromIAe 35 Huanquero

 

Deployment

In June 1965 the Guarani II prototype (serial number TX-01) was exhibited and flown at the Paris Air Show at Le Bourget AirportFrance). TX-01 was later flown to the CEV (“Centre d’Essays en Vol”, Air Test Centre) at IstresFrance, for technical evaluation, where it was tested for a total of 200 flying hours. It was flown back to the FMA, Argentina in February 1966, being the first Latin American-built aircraft to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.

The last flying example, retired in 2006 at the II Brigada Aérea (IInd Air Brigade), at Paraná, Entre Rios, Argentina, is currently preserved at the National Aeronautics Museum (“Museo Nacional de Aeronáutica”) of the Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Argentina), at Morón, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 15 passengers
  • Length: 14.86 m (48 ft 9 in)
  • Wingspan: 19.53 m (64 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 5.81 m (19 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 41.81 m2 (450.0 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 9:1
  • Airfoil: NACA 633218
  • Empty weight: 3,924 kg (8,651 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 7,120 kg (15,697 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Turbomeca Bastan VI-A turboprops, 690 kW (930 shp) each

Performance

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 500 km/h (310 mph, 270 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 450 km/h (280 mph, 240 kn) (econ cruise)
  • Stall speed: 145 km/h (90 mph, 78 kn)
  • Never exceed speed: 515 km/h (320 mph, 278 kn)
  • Range: 1,995 km (1,240 mi, 1,077 nmi) with max payload
  • Service ceiling: 12,500 m (41,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 13.4 m/s (2,640 ft/min)

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