Fokker was a Dutch aircraft manufacturer named after its founder, Anthony Fokker. The company operated under several different names, starting out in 1912 in Schwerin, Germany, moving to the Netherlands in 1919.
During its most successful period in the 1920s and 1930s, it dominated the civil aviation market. Fokker went into bankruptcy in 1996, and its operations were sold to competitors.
Fokker in Germany
At age 20, while studying in Germany, Anthony Fokker built his initial aircraft, the Spin (Spider)—the first Dutch-built plane to fly in his home country. Taking advantage of better opportunities in Germany, he moved to Berlin, where in 1912, he founded his first company, Fokker Aeroplanbau, later moving to the Görries suburb just southwest of Schwerin (at 53°36′45.90″N 11°22′31.60″E), where the current company was founded, as Fokker Aviatik GmbH, on 12 February 1912.
Return to the Netherlands
In 1919, Fokker, owing large sums in back taxes (including 14,250,000 marks of income tax), returned to the Netherlands and founded a new company near Amsterdam with the support of Steenkolen Handels Vereniging, now known as SHV Holdings. He chose the name Nederlandse Vliegtuigenfabriek (Dutch Aircraft Factory) to conceal the Fokker brand because of his involvement in World War I. Despite the strict disarmament conditions of the Treaty of Versailles, Fokker did not return home empty-handed. In 1919, he arranged an export permit and brought six entire trains of parts, and 180 types of aircraft across the Dutch-German border, among them 117 Fokker C.Is, D.VIIs, and D.VIIIs. This initial stock enabled him to set up shop quickly.
Founded: 22 February 1912; by Anthony Fokker
Type: Commercial airliners / Military aircraft
Role: Aircraft builder
Fokker Spin / Fokker E.1 / Fokker D.VII / Fokker Dr.1 Dreidekker / BAT FK23 Bantam
Fokker D.XXI/ Fokker Gr.1 / Fokker C.V / Koolhoven FK.51 / Fokker T8
Fokker F.VII Trimotor; Fokker F28 Fellowship; / Fokker F27 Friendship / Fokker F50 /
Fokker F70 / Fokker F100
Fokker Trainer Aircraft
Fokker S.11 Instructor / Fokker S.14 Machtrainer / Fokker H3 Sprinter