Fokker

Fokker
Fokker D.VII "1918"

Fokker
Fokker D.VII (1918)

Fokker

Fokker

Fokker
Fokker D.VII "1918"

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Fokker
Fokker D.VII "1918"

The Fokker D.VII was a German World War I fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz of the Fokker-Flugzeugwerke. Germany produced around 3,300 D.VII aircraft in the second half of 1918. In service with the Luftstreitkräfte, the D.VII quickly proved itself to be a formidable aircraft. The Armistice ending the war specifically required, as the fourth clause of the “Clauses Relating to the Western Front”, that Germany was required to surrender all D.VIIs to the Allies.[1] Surviving aircraft saw much service with many countries in the years after World War I.

Design

Fokker’s chief designer, Reinhold Platz, had been working on a series of experimental V-series aircraft, starting in 1916. The aircraft were notable for the use of cantilever wings. Hugo Junkers and his aviation firm had originated the idea in 1915 with the first practical all-metal aircraft, the Junkers J 1 monoplane, nicknamed Blechesel (Sheet Metal Donkey or Tin Donkey). The wings were thick, with a rounded leading edge. The shape of the wings’ airfoil gave greater lift, with its relatively “blunt” leading edge (as seen in cross-section) giving it more docile stalling behavior than the thin wings commonly in use.

Fokker

Fokker

Role Fighter
Manufacturer Fokker-Flugzeugwerke
Designer Reinhold Platz
First flight January 1918
Primary user Luftstreitkräfte
Number built approximately 3,300

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Fokker D.VII WW1 Fighter

Many modern D.VII reproductions have been built. Most flyable examples are powered by 7.2 litre (440 cu. in.) American Ranger, or 9.2 litre (560 cu. in.) displacement British Gipsy Queen inverted-six cylinder inline engines, both of which are substantially smaller in displacement than either the Mercedes or BMW engines that powered wartime D.VIIs. A few flying reproductions, such as the one at New York State’s Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome, are equipped with original Mercedes D.IIIa engines

Fokker D.VII Specifications

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.954 m (22 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.9 m (29 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 2.75 m (9 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 20.5 m2 (221 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 670 kg (1,477 lb)
  • Gross weight: 906 kg (1,997 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.III 6-cyl. water-cooled in-line piston engine, 120 kW (160 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch propeller
    • Maximum speed: 189 km/h (117 mph, 102 kn)
    with BMW IIIa engine – 200 km/h (124 mph; 108 kn)
    • Range: 266 km (165 mi, 144 nmi)
    • Service ceiling: 6,000 m (20,000 ft) [16]
    • Rate of climb: 3.92 m/s (772 ft/min)
    with BMW IIIa engine – 9.52 metres per second (1,874 ft/min)
    • Time to altitude: [17]
    1,000 m (3,281 ft) in 4 minutes 15 seconds (1 minutes 40 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)

Armament

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One war prize was captured in 1918 when it accidentally landed at a small American airstrip near Verdun, France. It was donated to the Smithsonian Institution by the War Department in 1920, and is now displayed at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.[2] Two other American war prizes were retained by private owners until sold abroad in 1971 and 1981. The former is now displayed at the Canada Aviation Museum, in Ottawa, Ontario.[3] The latter aircraft has been painted in Royal Netherlands Air Force markings, and is on display in Militaire Luchtvaart Museum in Soesterberg, Netherlands.

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