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FOKKER FOKKER D.XXI FIGHTER "1936"

The D.XXI was designed as an inexpensive, rugged, and compact fighter aircraft that would possess respectable performance for its era.

Fokker

The Fokker D.XXI fighter was designed in 1935 by Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker

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Fokker
Fokker D.XXI fighter

The D.XXI was designed as an inexpensive, rugged, and compact fighter aircraft that would possess respectable performance for its era. Entering operational use in the early years of the Second World War, it provided yeoman service for both the Luchtvaartafdeling (Dutch Army Aviation Group) and the Finnish Air Force. Additionally, a few examples were constructed by the El Carmolí factory before it fell into rebel hands during the Spanish Civil War. Following the invasion and occupation of the Netherlands in May 1940, several captured Dutch D.XXIs were subsequently placed into service with the Luftwaffe.

Operational History

The Fokker D.XXI was first used in combat by the Finnish Air Force during the 1939–1940 Winter War between the Soviet Union and Finland.[9] Upon the war’s outbreak, a total of 41 aircraft were in Finnish service, all powered by the Mercury VIII engine. On 1 December 1939, the D.XXI achieved its first victory with the shooting down of a Soviet Tupolev SB.[9] The Fokker was evenly matched against the aircraft of the Soviet Air Force, and its rugged design with a radial engine and fixed undercarriage made it well suited for Finnish conditions. The performance of the Finnish D.XXI allegedly[by whom?] won the admiration of many Soviet pilots.

Fokker D.XXI

Role Fighter
National origin Netherlands
Manufacturer Fokker
Designer Erich Schatzki
First flight 27 March 1936
Retired 1948
Status Retired
Primary users
Finnish Air Force
Dutch Air Force
Royal Danish Air Force
Number built 148

Operators

 Denmark
  • Hærens Flyvertropper (Danish Army Aviation Troops) – Received three aircraft and built ten on license. Locally designated as “IIIJ” (“third fighter aircraft”).
 Finland
 Nazi Germany
  • Luftwaffe – Operated an unknown number of captured Dutch aircraft.
 Netherlands
Spain Spanish Republic

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Fokker D.XXI "Fighter"

Operational history

The Fokker D.XXI was first used in combat by the Finnish Air Force during the 1939–1940 Winter War between the Soviet Union and Finland. Upon the war’s outbreak, a total of 41 aircraft were in Finnish service, all powered by the Mercury VIII engine. On 1 December 1939, the D.XXI achieved its first victory with the shooting down of a Soviet Tupolev SB The Fokker was evenly matched against the aircraft of the Soviet Air Force, and its rugged design with a radial engine and fixed undercarriage made it well suited for Finnish conditions. The performance of the Finnish D.XXI allegedly won the admiration of many Soviet pilots

Fokker D.XXI "1936": Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Length: 8.2 m (26 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 11 m (36 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 2.92 m (9 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 16.2 m2 (174 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,594 kg (3,514 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,970 kg (4,343 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Bristol Mercury VIII 9-cyl. air-cooled radial piston engine, 620 kW (830 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 460 km/h (290 mph, 250 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 429 km/h (267 mph, 232 kn)
  • Never exceed speed: 700 km/h (430 mph, 380 kn)
  • Range: 930 km (580 mi, 500 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 11,350 m (37,240 ft) service ceiling
  • Time to altitude: 6,000 m (19,685 ft 0 in) in 7 min 30 sec
  • Power/mass: 0.309 kW/kg (0.188 hp/lb)

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

Vliegveld Hoogeveen as of 2018 a flyable replica is being built by veteran aircraft restorer Jack van Egmond. A number of original parts will be used and the plane will be built according to original Fokker build specifications as Jack van Egmond is in possession of 397 out of 416 Fokker blueprints.