Fokker

Fokker
Fokker G1 "The Reaper"

Fokker
Fokker G1 "The Reaper" "1938"

Fokker

Fokker

Fokker
Fokker G1 "The Reaper" "1938"

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Fokker
G1 "The Reaper" "1938"

The Fokker G.I was a Dutch twin-engined heavy fighter aircraft comparable in size and role to the German Messerschmitt Bf 110. Although in production prior to World War II, its combat introduction came at a time the Netherlands were overrun by the Germans. The few G.Is that were mustered into service were able to score several victories. Some were captured intact after the Germans had occupied the Netherlands. The remainder of the production run was taken over by the Luftwaffe for use as trainers.

Design

The G.I, given the nickname le Faucheur (“The Reaper” in French), was designed as a private venture in 1936 by Fokker chief engineer Dr. Schatzki. Intended for the role of jachtkruiser, “heavy” fighter or air cruiser, able to gain air superiority over the battlefield as well as being a bomber destroyer, the G.1 would fulfill a role seen as important at the time, by advocates of Giulio Douhet‘s theories on air power. The Fokker G.I utilized a twin-engined, twin-boom layout that featured a central nacelle housing two or three crew members (a pilot, radio operator/navigator/rear gunner or a bombardier) as well as a formidable armament of twin 23 mm (.91 in) Madsen cannon and a pair of 7.9 mm (.31 in) machine guns (later eight machine guns) in the nose and one in a rear turret.

Fokker

Fokker

Role Heavy fighter
Manufacturer Fokker
Designer Erich Schatzki and Marius Beeling (after 1938)
First flight 16 March 1937
Primary users
Luchtvaartafdeling / Luftwaffe
Number built 63

Variants & Operators

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Fokker G1 The Reaper "Heavy Fighter"

On 10 May 1940, when Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands, 23 G.1 aircraft were serviceable while production of Spain’s order of the G.1 Wasp variant continued with a dozen aircraft completed, awaiting armament.

The German invasion started with an early morning (03:50 hours) Luftwaffe attack on the Dutch airfields. While the 4th JaVA received a devastating blow, losing all but one of its aircraft, eight 3rd JaVA G.1 fighters of the Waalhaven airbase in Rotterdam, that were already fully fuelled and armed, scrambled in time and successfully engaged several German aircraft.

Fokker G1: Specifications

  • Crew: 2-3
  • Length: 10.87 m (35 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 17.16 m (56 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 3.8 m (12 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 38.3 m2 (412 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 3,325 kg (7,330 lb)
  • Gross weight: 4,800 kg (10,582 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 5,000 kg (11,023 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 1,050 l (277 US gal; 231 imp gal)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Bristol Mercury VIII 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines, 540 kW (730 hp) each at 2,650 rpm – takeoff power
  • Maximum speed: 475 km/h (295 mph, 256 kn) at 4,100 m (13,451 ft)
  • Range: 1,510 km (940 mi, 820 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 10,000 m (33,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 13.5 m/s (2,660 ft/min) 5,000 m (16,404 ft) in 6 minutes 20 seconds
  • Wing loading: 125.3 kg/m2 (25.7 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.22 kW/kg (0.13 hp/lb)
  •  

    8× 7.9 mm (0.31 in) forward-firing FN-Browning machine guns in the nose1× 7.9 mm (0.31 in) machine gun in rear turret300 kg (660 lb) of bombs (G.1 Wasp could take 400 kg (880 lb))
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Ultimate encyclopedia

Aircrafttotaal

At the conclusion of hostilities, several G.Is were captured by the Germans, with the remainder of the Spanish order completed at the Fokker plant by mid-1941 in order for the G.1s to be assigned as fighter trainers for Bf 110 crews at Wiener Neustadt.[10] For the next two years, Flugzeugführerschule (B) 8 flew the G.1 Wasp until attrition grounded the fleet.[8

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