The British Aerospace 146 (also BAe 146) is a short-haul airliner and a regional airliner
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The British Aerospace 146 (also BAe 146) is a short-haul airliner and a regional airliner that was manufactured in the United Kingdom by British Aerospace, later part of BAE Systems. Production ran from 1983 until 2002. Manufacture of an improved version known as the Avro RJ began in 1992. A further-improved version with new engines, the Avro RJX, was announced in 1997, but only two prototypes and one production aircraft were built before production ceased in 2001. With 387 aircraft produced, the Avro RJ/BAe 146 is the most successful British civil jet airliner programme.
British Aerospace promoted the BAe 146 to airlines as a "feederliner" and short-haul regional airliner. The airframe of the aircraft and many other key areas were designed to be as simple as possible. The engines lack thrust reversers due to their perceived reduced effectiveness in anticipated conditions. Instead, the BAe 146 features a large airbrake with two petals below the tail rudder at the rear of the fuselage, which has the advantage of being usable during flight and allowing for steep descent rates if required. In addition, the aircraft has full width wing spoilers which are deployed immediately on landing.
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The BAe 146 comes in -100, -200 and -300 models. The equivalent Avro RJ versions are designated RJ70, RJ85, and RJ100. The freight-carrying version carries the designation "QT" (Quiet Trader), and a convertible passenger-or-freight model is designated as "QC" (Quick Change). A "gravel kit" can be fitted to aircraft to enable operations from rough, unprepared airstrips.
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer British Aerospace
First flight 6 August 1986
Number built 64
Developed from Hawker Siddeley HS 748
West Air Europe – Luxembourg
West Air Europe – Sweden
West Atlantic – cargo airlines
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Crew: Four (Two flight crew + two flight attendants)
Capacity: 64 passengers
Length: 26.00 m (85 ft 4 in)
Wingspan: 30.63 m (100 ft 6 in)
Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW126 turboprop, 1,978 kW (2,653 hp) each
Height: 7.14 m (23 ft 5 in)Cruise speed: 496 km/h (268 knots, 308 mph)
Range: 1,825 km (985 nmi, 1,134 mi)
Service ceiling: 7,600 m (25,000 ft)
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The BAe 146 is also renowned for its relatively quiet operation, a positive feature that appealed to those operators that wanted to provide services to noise-sensitive airports within cities. The aircraft is one of only a few types that can be used on flights to London City Airport, which has a steep approach and short runway; for several years the BAe 146 was the only conventional jet aircraft capable of flying from London City Airport.
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The British Aerospace 146 (also BAe 146) is a short-haul airliner and a regional airline