Hawker  Aircraft

The Hawker Sea Hawk is a British single-seat jet day fighter of the Fleet Air Arm (FAA), the air branch of the Royal Navy (RN).

Hawker Seahawk

Design and development

Origins

Towards the end of the Second World War, Hawker's design team had become increasingly interested in developing a fighter aircraft that took advantage of the newly developed jet propulsion technology. Prior to this, Hawker had been committed until late 1944 to the production and further development of its piston-powered aircraft, such as the Hurricane, Tempest and Typhoon, to meet the wartime demands for these aircraft. On 1 September 1944, the first prototype of the company's latest fighter aircraft, the Hawker Fury/Sea Fury, conducted its maiden flight; it was this aircraft that would serve as the basis for Hawker's first jet-powered aircraft.

 

The design team studied the potential adaption of the aircraft, having opted to use the Rolls-Royce Griffon-powered Fury prototype as the starting point.The team started with the deletion of the piston engine, with its replacement, a single Rolls-Royce Nene turbojet engine, being fitted in a mid-fuselage position, along with lateral air intakes and a tailpipe which emerged beneath the tailplane. The prospective modifications also included "stretching" the fuselage and moving the cockpit to the extreme front of the fuselage in a re-contoured nose; this design received the internal designation P.1035. Use of the Rolls-Royce Derwent engine had been studied but quickly discarded as lacking power for an aircraft of this size. In November 1944 the P.1035 design was submitted for evaluation by the Air Ministry.

 

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Hawker

Hawker SeaHawk

During service evaluations of the Sea Hawk, Australian and Canadian pilots from their naval services flew examples of the aircraft and there were official suggestions they would adopt the type as standard equipment. Both nations were also interested in new American-built naval aircraft; only a handful of Sea Hawks were transferred to either nation, some operating from the flight deck of the Australian Majestic-class aircraft carrier HMAS Sydney, though these did not enter full squadron service.

Hawker SeaHawk FGA.6: Specifications

  • History

    Role Naval fighter

    National origin United Kingdom

    Manufacturer Hawker Aircraft

    Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft

    Designer Sydney Camm

     

  • Primary Users

    First flight 2 September 1947

    Introduction March 1953

    Retired 1983

    Primary users Royal Navy (retired)

    Indian Navy (retired)

    German Navy (retired)

    Royal Netherlands Navy (retired)

  • General Info

    Number built 542

    Variants Hawker P.1072

     

You are definitely intrigued to discover SeaHawk  FGA.6.

The Sea Hawk saw extensive service during the Suez Crisis, initiated by Egypt's nationalisation of the Suez Canal and naval blockade of southern Israeli ports in violation of the 1949 armistice and UN Security Council resolution, denying passage of the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping. The United Kingdom, France and Israel conspired to provoke war, with the Anglo-French invasion being known as Operation Musketeer, beginning on 31 October 1956. Six Sea Hawk squadrons took part: two aboard the fleet carrier HMS Eagle and two each aboard the light fleet carriers HMS Albion and HMS Bulwark. The Sea Hawks were primarily used for ground attack.

Hawker SeaHawk

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The Hawker Sea Hawk is a British single-seat jet day fighter of the Fleet Air Arm (FAA), the air branch of the Royal Navy (RN)

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