Hawker  Aircraft

The Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft.

 

Hawker Typhoon Mk.1b

The Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft. It was intended to be a medium–high altitude interceptor, as a replacement for the Hawker Hurricane, but several design problems were encountered and it never completely satisfied this requirement.

 

The Typhoon was originally designed to mount twelve .303 inch (7.7 mm) Browning machine guns and be powered by the latest 2000 hp engines. Its service introduction in mid-1941 was plagued with problems and for several months the aircraft faced a doubtful future. When the Luftwaffe brought the formidable Focke-Wulf Fw 190 into service in 1941, the Typhoon was the only RAF fighter capable of catching it at low altitudes; as a result it secured a new role as a low-altitude interceptor.

 

The Typhoon became established in roles such as night-time intruder and long-range fighter. From late 1942 the Typhoon was equipped with bombs and from late 1943 RP-3 ground attack rockets were added to its armoury. With those weapons and its four 20mm Hispano autocannon, the Typhoon became one of the Second World War's most successful ground-attack aircraft.

 

"Your exciting Journey into digital world of aviation starts "

Hawker
Hawker Typhoon Mk.1b

By 1943, the RAF needed a ground attack fighter more than a "pure" fighter and the Typhoon was suited to the role (and less-suited to the pure fighter role than competing aircraft such as the Spitfire Mk IX). The powerful engine allowed the aircraft to carry a load of up to two 1,000 pounds (450 kg) bombs, equal to the light bombers of only a few years earlier. The bomb-equipped aircraft were nicknamed "Bombphoons" and entered service with No. 181 Squadron, formed in September 1942

  • History

    Role Fighter-bomber

    National origin United Kingdom

    Manufacturer Hawker Aircraft

    Designer Sydney Camm

    First flight 24 February 1940

    Introduction 11 September 1941

    Retired October 1945

    Primary users Royal Air Force

     

  • Primary Users

    Crew: One

    Length: 31 ft 11.5 in[nb 21] (9.73 m)

    Wingspan: 41 ft 7 in (12.67 m)

    Height: 15 ft 4 in [nb 22] (4.66 m)

    Empty weight: 8,840 lb (4,010 kg)

    Loaded weight: 11,400 lb (5,170 kg)

    Max. takeoff weight: 13,250 lb (6,010 kg) [nb 23]

    Powerplant: 1 × Napier Sabre IIA, IIB or IIC liquid-cooled H-24 piston engine, 2,180, 2,200 or 2,260 hp (1,626, 1,640 or 1,685 kW)

    Propellers: 3 or 4-blade; de Havilland or Rotol propeller

  • General Info

    Maximum speed: 412 mph (663 km/h) at 19,000 ft (5,800 m) with Sabre IIB & 4-bladed propeller

    Stall speed: 88 mph (142 km/h) IAS with flaps up

    Range: 510 mi (821 km)

    Service ceiling: 35,200 ft (10,729 m)

    Rate of climb: 2,740 ft/min (13.59 m/s)

    Armament

    Guns: 4 × 20 mm Hispano Mk II cannon

    Rockets: 8 × RP-3 unguided air-to-ground rockets.

    Bombs: 2 × 500 lb (227 kg) or 2 × 1,000 lb (454 kg) bombs

You are definitely intrigued to discover Hawker Typhoon.

The first two Messerschmitt Me 210 fighter-bombers to be destroyed over the British Isles fell to the guns of Typhoons in August 1942. During a daylight raid by the Luftwaffe on London on 20 January 1943, four Bf 109G-4s and one Fw 190A-4 of JG 26 were destroyed by Typhoons. As soon as the aircraft entered service, it was apparent the profile of the Typhoon resembled a Fw 190 from some angles, which caused more than one friendly fire incident involving Allied anti-aircraft units and other fighters. This led to Typhoons first being marked up with all-white noses, and later with high visibility black and white stripes under the wings, a precursor of the markings applied to all Allied aircraft on D-Day.

Hawker Typhoon Mk.1b "Tiffy"

Aircrafttotaal

The Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft. It was intended to be a medium–high altitude interceptor, as a replacement for the Hawker Hurricane, but several design problems were encountered and it never completely satisfied this requirement.

Aircrafttotaal

Ultimate encyclopedia

AIRCRAFTTOTAAL

© 2017 aircrafttotaal All rights reserved.