Republic USA

Lockheed P-38L Lightning

The Locheed p-38L Lightning
"Gabelschwanz-Teufel"

USA Aircraft

Lockheed

The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is an American single seated, piston-engined fighter aircraft that was used during World War II

Goto Lockheed Aircraft

The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is an American single seated, piston-engined fighter aircraft that was used during World War II. Developed for the United States Army Air Corps, the P-38 had distinctive twin booms and a central nacelle containing the cockpit and armament. Allied propaganda claimed it had been nicknamed the fork-tailed devil (German: der Gabelschwanz-Teufel) by the Luftwaffe and “two planes, one pilot” by the Japanese.[5] Along with its use as a general fighter,

Operational History

The first Lightning to see active service was the F-4 version, a P-38E in which the guns were replaced by four K17 cameras.[73] They joined the 8th Photographic Squadron in Australia on 4 April 1942.[46] Three F-4s were operated by the Royal Australian Air Force in this theater for a short period beginning in September 1942.

On 29 May 1942, 25 P-38s began operating in the Aleutian Islands in Alaska. The fighter’s long range made it well-suited to the campaign over the almost 1,200 miles (1,900 km)-long island chain, and it was flown there for the rest of the war.

Role
National originUnited States
ManufacturerLockheed Corporation
Designer
First flight27 January 1939
IntroductionJuly 1941[2]
Retired1949 (United States Air Force)
1965 (Honduran Air Force)[3]
Primary usersUnited States Army Air Forces
Free French Air Force
Produced1941–45
Number built10,037[4]
Developed intoLockheed XP-49
Lockheed XP-58

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 37 ft 10 in (11.53 m)
  • Wingspan: 52 ft 0 in (15.85 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 10 in (3.91 m)
  • Wing area: 327.5 sq ft (30.43 m2)
  • Aspect ratio: 8.26[169]
  • Airfoil: root: NACA 23016; tip: NACA 4412[170]
  • Empty weight: 12,800 lb (5,806 kg) [169]
  • Gross weight: 17,500 lb (7,938 kg) [169]
  • Max takeoff weight: 21,600 lb (9,798 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Allison V-1710-111 V-12 liquid-cooled turbo-supercharged piston engine, 1,600 hp (1,200 kW) WEP at 60 inHg (2.032 bar) and 3,000 rpm
(Left-hand rotation fitted to port)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Allison V-1710-113 V-12 liquid-cooled turbo-supercharged piston engine, 1,600 hp (1,200 kW) WEP at 60 inHg (2.032 bar) and 3,000 rpm
(Right-hand rotation fitted to starboard)
  • Propellers: 3-bladed Curtiss electric constant-speed propellers (LH and RH rotation)

Performance

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 414 mph (666 km/h, 360 kn) on Military Power: 1,425 hp (1,063 kW) at 54 inHg (1.829 bar), 3,000 rpm and 25,000 ft (7,620 m)[171]
  • Cruise speed: 275 mph (443 km/h, 239 kn)
  • Stall speed: 105 mph (169 km/h, 91 kn)
  • Combat range: 1,300 mi (2,100 km, 1,100 nmi)
  • Ferry range: 3,300 mi (5,300 km, 2,900 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 44,000 ft (13,000 m)

Related

Armament

  • Hispano M2(C) 20 mm cannon with 150 rounds
  • M2 Browning machine gun 0.50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns with 500 rpg.
  • 4× M10 three-tube 4.5 in (112 mm) M8 rocket launchers; or:Inner hardpoints:
    2× 2,000 lb (907 kg) bombs or drop tanks;
    or
    2× 1,000 lb (454 kg) bombs or drop tanks, plus either4× 500 lb (227 kg) bombs or4× 250 lb (113 kg) bombs;
    or6× 500 lb (227 kg) bombs; or6× 250 lb (113 kg) bombs

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

The Republic Aviation Corporation was an American aircraft manufacturer based in Farmingdale, New York, on Long Island. Originally known as the Seversky Aircraft Company, the company was responsible for the design and production of many important military aircraft, including its most famous products: World War II's P-47 Thunderbolt fighter, the F-84 Thunderjet and F-105 Thunderchief jet fighters, as well as the A-10 Thunderbolt II close-support aircraft.