The Martin B-26 Marauder is an American twin-engined medium bomber that saw extensive service during World War II.

Martin B-26 Marauder "1940"

Role Medium bomber
National origin United States
Manufacturer Glenn L. Martin Company
First flight 25 November 1940
Introduction 1941
Status Retired
Primary users United States Army Air Forces
Free French Air Force
Royal Air Force / South African Air Force
Produced 1941–1945
Number built 5,288
Developed into XB-33 Super Marauder (Unbuilt)

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The Martin B-26 Marauder is an American twin-engined medium bomber that saw extensive service during World War II.

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Martin B-26 Marauder "1940"

The Martin B-26 Marauder is an American twin-engined medium bomber that saw extensive service during World War II. The B-26 was built at two locations: Baltimore, Maryland, and Omaha, Nebraska, by the Glenn L. Martin Company.

First used in the Pacific Theater of World War II in early 1942, it was also used in the Mediterranean Theater and in Western Europe.

After entering service with the United States Army aviation units, the aircraft quickly received the reputation of a “widowmaker” due to the early models’ high accident rate during takeoffs and landings. This was because the Marauder had to be flown at precise airspeeds, particularly on final runway approach or when one engine was out. The unusually high 150 mph (241 km/h) speed on short final runway approach was intimidating to many pilots who were used to much slower approach speeds, and whenever they slowed to speeds below those stipulated in the manual, the aircraft would often stall and crash

Design

The B-26 became a safer aircraft once crews were re-trained, and after aerodynamics modifications (an increase of wingspan and wing angle-of-incidence to give better takeoff performance, and a larger vertical stabilizer and rudder).[3] The Marauder ended World War II with the lowest loss rate of any U.S. Army Air Forces bomber.[4]

A total of 5,288 were produced between February 1941 and March 1945; 522 of these were flown by the Royal Air Force and the South African Air Force. By the time the United States Air Force was created as an independent military service separate from the United States Army in 1947, all Martin B-26s had been retired from U.S. service. After the Marauder was retired the unrelated Douglas A-26 Invader then assumed the “B-26” designation which led to confusion between the two aircraft.

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Martin B-26 Marauder (1940

In May 2015, the Hawaii Mars received a small contract to be used briefly for training Chinese pilots. This was done using the Martin Mars to evaluate against civil certification regulations by The International Test Pilot School, on how to handle such a large amphibious aircraft. These pilots will be involved with the Chinese state owned Aviation Industry Corporation of China as they get ready to launch their forthcoming AVIC TA-600 airplane. Subsequently, in July 2015, the airplane was put back in service after public outcry, being awarded a 30-day contract from the BC Government to help with a particularly bad fire season.

In 2016, the Hawaii Mars made its first appearance at EAA AirVenture Oshkosh in hopes of being sold or leased to a new home or business. One of the pilots on the way to Oshkosh was well-known Kermit Weeks. According to the Smithsonian Channel episode of Mighty Planes Martin Mars, only one Martin Mars is now flying.

Specifications

  • Crew: 7: (2 pilots, bombardier/radio operator, navigator/radio operator, 3 gunners)
  • Length: 58 ft 3 in (17.75 m)
  • Wingspan: 71 ft 0 in (21.64 m)
  • Height: 21 ft 6 in (6.55 m)
  • Empty weight: 24,000 lb (10,886 kg)
  • Gross weight: 37,000 lb (16,783 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney R-2800-43 Double Wasp 18-cylinder radial piston engines, 2,000–2,200 hp (1,500–1,600 kW) each
  • Maximum speed: 287 mph (462 km/h, 249 kn) at 5,000 feet (1,500 m)
  • Cruise speed: 216 mph (348 km/h, 188 kn) * Landing speed: 114 mph (99 kn; 183 km/h)
  • Combat range: 1,150 mi (1,850 km, 1,000 nmi) with 3,000 pounds (1,400 kg) bombload and 1,153 US gal (4,365 l) of fuel
  • Ferry range: 2,850 mi (4,590 km, 2,480 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 21,000 ft (6,400 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,200 ft/min (6.1 m/s)
  • Power/mass: 0.10 hp/lb (0.16 kW/kg)
  • Guns: 11 × .50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine guns. One in nose position, four in blisters on fuselage, two in dorsal turret, two in tail turret, two in waist positions
  • Bombs: 4,000 lb (1,800 kg)

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

srael On 22 April 2013, an agreement was signed to sell six V-22 to the Israeli Air Force.[210] By the end of 2016, Israel had not ordered the V-22 and was instead interested in buying the C-47 Chinook helicopter or the CH-53K helicopter.[211] As of 2017, Israel had frozen its evaluation of the V-22, "with a senior defence source indicating that the tiltrotor is unable to perform some missions currently conducted using its Sikorsky CH-53 transport helicopters

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

An air force, also known in some countries as an aerospace force or air army, is in the broadest sense, the national military branch that primarily conducts aerial warfare.