Morane Saulnier MoS.13
Official designation Type M "1913"

RoleSport aircraft
First flight1913
Developed fromMorane-Saulnier G
VariantsMorane-Saulnier L

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Morane Saulnier MoS.13
Official designation Type M "1913"

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Morane Saulnier MoS.13
Official designation Type M "1913"

The Morane-Saulnier H was an early aircraft first flown in France in the months immediately preceding the First World War; it was a single-seat derivative of the successful Morane-Saulnier G with a slightly reduced wingspan Like the Type G, it was a successful sporting and racing aircraft: examples serving with the French army were used in the opening phases of the war.

German versions, the Fokker Eindecker fighters, were armed with forward-firing machine guns and became the first single-seat fighter aircraft so armed.


The French Army ordered a batch of 26 aircraft under the designation MoS.1, and the British Royal Flying Corps also acquired a small number, these latter machines purchased from Grahame-White, who was manufacturing the type in the UK under licence

During the second international aero meet, held at Wiener Neustadt in June 1913, Roland Garros won the precision landing prize in a Type H. Later that same year, A Morane-Saulnier H was used to complete the first non-stop flight across the Mediterranean, from Fréjus in the south of France to Bizerte in Tunisia.

French-built machines saw limited service in the opening stages of World War I, with pilots carrying out reconnaissance missions and occasionally engaging in aerial combat using revolvers and carbines

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Morane Saulnier MoS.13 Official designation Type M "1913"

Morane-Saulnier versions
  • Type G two seater
  • Type H single seater
  • Type L parasol monoplane
  • Type M armoured single seater
  • Type O racing monoplane developed from H, two built including one for Roland Garros that was fitted with wheels and floats
  • MoS.1 Official designation for Type H
  • MoS.2 Official designation for Type G
  • MoS.3 Official designation for Type L
  • MoS.13 Official designation for Type M

Crew: One pilot

Length: 5.84 m (19 ft 2 in)

Wingspan: 9.12 m (29 ft 11 in)

Height: 2.26 m (7 ft 5 in)

Empty weight: 188 kg (415 lb)

Gross weight: 444 kg (979 lb)

Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône 9C , 60 kW (80 hp)

Maximum speed: 120 km/h (75 mph, 65 kn)

Range: 177 km (111 mi, 96 nmi)

Service ceiling: 1,000 m (3,280 ft)


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Survivors A Type H is preserved at the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace in Le Bourget and another at the Fantasy of Flight in Florida. Several replicas are in museums or flying.