M.S.317 "1932"

Role Primary trainer
National origin France
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
First flight 1932
Primary user French Air Force
Number built 356
Developed from Morane-Saulnier MS.300

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M.S.317 "1932"

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Morane-Saulnier M.S.317

The Morane-Saulnier MS.315 was a primary training monoplane designed and built in France by Morane-Saulnier.

The MS.315 was developed from the earlier MS.300 primary trainer and related variants and first flew in October 1932. The MS.315 is a parasol-wing monoplane with a tailwheel, with divided main landing gear, and powered by a 135 hp (101 kW) Salmson 9Nc radial engine. A production run of 346 aircraft followed the four prototypes (including 33 built after the Second World War). Five high-powered MS.317/2 variants were also produced for the civil market, and a single MS.316 was built, powered by a Régnier inverted Vee engine.

In the 1960s 40 MS.315 used as civil glider tugs were modified with a 220 hp (164 kW) Continental W670-K radial engine and re-designated the MS.317.

Design MS.300 and 301

The Morane-Saulnier MS.300 and MS.301 were French parasol wing introductory trainer aircraft, first flown in 1930. They differed only in engine type. Neither reached production but were developed into two similar trainers, the MS.230 and MS.315, which were made in large numbers.

Morane-Saulnier‘s interest in the parasol wing configuration began with the Morane-Saulnier L of 1913 and its continuous refinement produced a line of fighters, trainers and sports aircraft which continued into the 1930s. The layout offered intrinsic stability and a wide field of view from the cockpit. The MS.300, a basic trainer, had a large gap between wing and fuselage and a wide track undercarriage, easing the progress of its novice pilots. There were two versions, the MS.300 and MS.301, which only differed in their engines.

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Morane-Saulnier M.S.317 "1932"

Production version with a 135hp (101kW) Salmson 9Nc radial engine, 350 built.
Higher powered civil version, five built.
Variant powered by a Regnier inverted Vee engine, one built.
1960s conversions with a 220hp (164kW) Continental W670-K radial engine, 40 converted.

Crew: 2

Length: 7.60 m (24 ft 11.25 in)

Wingspan: 12.00 m (39 ft 4.5 in)

Height: 2.80 m (9 ft 2.25 in)

Empty weight: 548 kg (1,208 lb)

Gross weight: 860 kg (1,896 lb)

Powerplant: 1 × Salmson 9Nc radial engine , 101 kW (135 hp)

Maximum speed: 170 km/h (106 mph, 92 kn)

Service ceiling: 5,500 m (18,045 ft)


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Its empennage was conventional with a large balanced rudder which reached down to the keel, hinged on a small fin. The in-flight adjustable, wire-braced, triangular tailplane was mounted on top of the fuselage frame, carrying balanced elevators. The MS.300 had fixed, conventional landing gear with its mainwheels independently mounted on V-struts hinged to the lower fuselage, with vertical Messier oleo strut shock absorbers. These were mounted on the forward wing strut at a point which was strengthened by two additional short struts to the fuselage