Nord/Aérospatiale
N 262 / Frégate "1959"

Role Turboprop airliner
National origin France
Manufacturer Aérospatiale
First flight MH.250: 20 May 1959
N 262: 24 December 1962
Introduction 1964
Primary users French Air Force / French Navy
Allegheny Airlines
Produced 1962–1976
Number built 110
Developed from Nord 260

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Nord/Aérospatiale
N 262 / Frégate "1959"

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Nord/Aérospatiale
N 262 / Frégate "1959"

The Aérospatiale N 262 is a French twin-turboprop high-wing airliner built first by Nord Aviation (merged into Aérospatiale in 1970). The aircraft was also known as the Nord 262.

Originally designed to replace the Douglas DC-3/C-47 Skytrain, the prototype utility transport aircraft was designed by Max Holste and designated the Max Holste MH.250 Super Broussard it first flew on 20 May 1959. The initial design had the aircraft rather square in shape, and fitted Pratt & Whitney Wasp radial engines to the aircraft. The second prototype, known as the MH.260, was equipped with 980 hp Turbomeca Bastan turboprop engines and eventually took its flight just over a year later on 29 July 1960.

 

 

The Prototype Nord 262 at the 1963 Paris Air Show at Le Bourget Airport

Design

Eventually, wholly state-owned Nord Aviation (later merged with Sud Aviation and renamed Aérospatiale) took over the further development of the aircraft. The new changes that Nord brought to the aircraft were a rounded, pressurized cabin and the new name Nord 262. The new cabin design enabled the aircraft to carry between 24–26 passengers.

The first prototype since the changes by Nord took to the skies for the first time on 24 December 1962 and the aircraft was exhibited at the June 1963 Paris Air Show. The aircraft received its certificate on 16 July 1964 and entered its initial commercial service with Air Inter of France.

Four of the first aircraft 262A, 262B, 262C, and 262D were built, the first two fitted with Bastan IVC engines, while the C and D models were fitted with the higher-powered Bastan VIIC. Of these four aircraft, the latter two saw their first air time in July 1968. Most sales of the initial aircraft were not in the passenger field, but rather the military field. The 262D was the most popular and marketed as Frégate.

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Nord/Aérospatiale N 262 / Frégate "1959"

Operators

 

 

A Nord 262 spotted in service in Guatemala, November 2004.

As of July 2011 a total of three Nord 262 aircraft remain in airline service with the following airlines:

  • Equatorial International Airlines (1),
  • International Trans Air Business (1)
  • RACSA (1).

Specifications

Crew: 2

Capacity: 29 passengers

Length: 19.28 m (63 ft 3 in)

Wingspan: 21.90 m (71 ft 10 in)

Height: 6.21 m (20 ft 4 in)

Empty weight: 6,654 kg (14,670 lb)

Max takeoff weight: 10,300 kg (22,708 lb)

Powerplant: 2 × Turbomeca Bastan VIC turboprops,  (1,065 shp)

Maximum speed: 385 km/h (239 mph, 208 kn)

Cruise speed: 360 km/h (220 mph, 190 kn) (econ cruise)

Stall speed: 128 km/h (80 mph, 69 kn) (wheels and flaps down)

Never exceed speed: 498 km/h (309 mph, 269 kn)

Range: 1,110 km (690 mi, 600 nmi) (max fuel, 2,010 kg (4,430 lb) 

Service ceiling: 7,300 m (24,000 ft)

Takeoff distance to 10.5 m (35 ft): 1,200 m (4,000 ft)

Landing distance from 15 m (50 ft): 1,100 m (3,500 ft)

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The Bréguet Br.1050 Alizé (French: "Tradewind") is a French carrier-based anti-submarine warfare aircraft. It was developed in the 1950s, based loosely on the second prototype Bréguet Vultur attack aircraft which had been modified into the Bréguet Br.965 Épaulard anti-submarine warfare aircraft.