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Pilatus
PC-21 TRAINER "2008"

The VFW 614 was produced in small numbers during the early- to mid-1970s by VFW-Fokker, a company resulting from a merger between VFW and the Dutch aircraft company Fokker. However, the program was officially cancelled in 1977, the anticipated sales and thus production having not been achieved.

Pilatus: PC-21 Trainer "2008"

Role Advanced trainer aircraft
Manufacturer Pilatus Aircraft
Designer Pilatus Aircraft
First flight 1 July 2002
Introduction April 2008
Status Active service
Primary users Swiss Air Force / Republic of Singapore Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force / Royal Saudi Air Force
Produced 2002–present
Number built 211

Pilatus PC-21 Trainer


Pilatus

The Pilatus PC-21 is a turboprop-powered advanced trainer with a stepped tandem cockpit. It is manufactured by Pilatus Aircraft of Switzerland.

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In November 1997, Pilatus flew a modified PC-7 Mk.II in order to test improvements for a prospective next generation turboprop trainer. As a result of these tests, Pilatus elected to fund the development of a new training system in November 1998; development of the new trainer, designated as the PC-21, formally started in January 1999.[2] The PC-21 would be developed and certified as a completely new training system, aimed at meeting future military customers’ specifications in terms of capability and life-cycle costs for the next three decades.

Design

The Pilatus PC-21 is an advanced single-engine trainer aircraft; it is often referred to by Pilatus as being the “Twenty-first Century Trainer”.[3][4] The type can be applied for various training capacities, including basic flying training, advanced flight training, full mission management training, and embedded simulation/emulation. In order to perform these functions, the aircraft possesses a powerful, flexible, and cost-effective integrated training system; providing sufficient ease of use for inexperienced pilots while posing greater challenge to advanced pilots.[8] According to Pilatus, upon product launch, the PC-21 possessed “superior aerodynamic performance when compared with any other turboprop trainer on the market”

Operators

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Pilatus PC-21 Trainer (2008

To train the next generation of military pilots, Pilatus developed the next generation trainer: the PC-21, designed and built specifically with student pilots in mind. With air force budgets under continuous pressure, the PC-21 provides a cost-effective and highly efficient training solution. On the PC-21, pilots destined to fly fighter aircraft do not need to transition to jets until much later than those flying conventional trainer aircraft, reducing cost and training time. To achieve this, Pilatus significantly expanded the design and performance envelope to take this single-engine turboprop into an area that was, until now, exclusively the domain of jet trainer aircraft.

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 11.233 m (36 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.108 m (29 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 3.74 m (12 ft 3 in)
  • Empty weight: 2,270 kg (5,004 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 3,100 kg (6,834 lb) 

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 685 km/h (426 mph, 370 kn)
  • Stall speed: 170 km/h (110 mph, 92 kn) gear and flaps up (20 km/h (12 mph; 11 kn) less with flaps and gear down)
  • Range: 1,333 km (828 mi, 720 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 11,580 m (37,990 ft)
  • g limits: +8.0 4.0 aerobatic / +5.0 to 2.5 utility
  • Rate of climb: 20.317 m/s (3,999.4 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 208 kg/m2 (43 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.39 kW/kg (0.24 hp/lb)

Armament

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Hardpoints: Provisions provided for 4× under-wing and 1× centerline external store stations, capable of mounting up to 1,150 kg (2,540 lb) of payload

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Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

The company has mostly produced aircraft for niche markets, in particular short takeoff and landing (STOL) aircraft as well as military training aircraft. During the 1950s and 1960s, Pilatus developed on a short takeoff and landing (STOL) light civil transport aircraft, the PC-6 Porter. During 1973, it was decided to restart work on the PC-7 programme; it entered production as the PC-7 Turbo Trainer. In 1979, Pilatus acquired Britten-Norman, constructor of the Britten-Norman Islander and Britten-Norman Defender aircraft. During the 1980s, it developed the PC-9, an improved derivative of the PC-7.