The Saab JAS 39 Gripen (IPA: [ˈɡrǐːpɛn]; English: griffin)[Nb 2][2] is a light single-engine
multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab AB.

Saab
105 Trainer "1951"

Role Jet trainer and light attack aircraft
National origin Sweden
Manufacturer Saab AB
First flight 29 June 1963
Introduction 17 July 1967
Status In service
Primary users Swedish Air Force
Austrian Air Force 
Produced 1963–1972
Number built 192

Saab Millitary aircraft

Saab B17 WW2 / Saab B18 WW2
Saab J29 Tunan / Saab J32 Lansen
Saab Draken J35 / Saab Viggen J37 /
Saab  SK.60 Trainer / Saab Gripen J39C/E

Saab

Saab
Saab 105 SK.60 Trainer "1963"

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Saab 105 Trainer "1963"

The Saab 105 is a Swedish high-wing, twinjet trainer aircraft developed in the early 1960s as a private venture by Saab AB.[2] The Swedish Air Force, which had opted to procure the type for various roles, issued the aircraft with the designation Sk 60. The Sk 60 entered service in 1967, replacing the ageing De Havilland Vampire fleet. There were talks of buying Folland Gnat but it became a source of inspiration.

The Swedish Air Force bought a total of 150 aircraft and another 40 were exported to Austria, designated Saab 105Ö. The Saab 105 is also the aircraft used by Swedish Air Force display team Team 60 and was formerly used by two display teams of the Austrian Air Force, “Karo As” and “Silver Birds”.

Design

In 1959, development of what would be subsequently designated as the Saab 105 was initiated by Saab. The company had decided to develop the aircraft as a private venture and intended for the type to be capable of serving in a wide variety of military and civil capacities. In a military capacity, the 105 can be operated as a jet trainer, conduct aerial reconnaissance and ground attack, and a limited interceptor capability. Amongst the diverse roles planned for the aircraft, Saab proposed a four-to-five seat business jet cabin configuration which was intended to be used by corporate customers. At the time, the 105 was one of the only small European aircraft to be equipped with turbofan, which was reported as of interest to prospective business customers

Operators

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Saab 105 Trainer

In July 1967, the first Swedish Air Force student pilots started training on the Saab 105.[15] In July 1970, Austrian Air Force pilot training activities on the type formally commenced; by August 2010, 22 of Austria’s Saab 105 aircraft remained operational, attaining a combined total flight time of roughly 1,500 flying hours per year.

Specifications

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 10.8 m (35 ft 5 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.5 m (31 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 2.7 m (8 ft 10 in)
  • Empty weight: 2,849 kg (6,281 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 4,635 kg (10,218 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × General Electric J85-17B turbojets,  (2,850 lbf) 
  • Maximum speed: 970 km/h (600 mph, 520 kn) at sea level
  • Ferry range: 2,300 km (1,400 mi, 1,200 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 13,700 m (44,900 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 70 m/s (14,000 ft/min)

Armament

  • Hardpoints: 6 hardpoints, AAMs, ASMs, gun pods, bombs, rockets

Ultimate encyclopedia

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An improved version, designated as the Saab 105Ö, was procured by Austria as a lightweight multi-role aircraft with the intention to deploy them in trainer, reconnaissance, interception and ground attack roles. In order to meet the requirements specified by the Austrian Air Force, the 105Ö features several key differences, which includes some avionics changes, the adoption of a strengthened wing for carrying greater quantities of munitions and equipment upon the underwing hardpoints, and a more powerful version of the Turbomeca Aubisque powerplant, which provided superior performance when operated from air bases at high altitude.

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