The Saab JAS 39 Gripen (IPA: [ˈɡrǐːpɛn]; English: griffin)[Nb 2][2] is a light single-engine
multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab AB.

Saab JAS 39 Gripen "1988"

Role Multirole fighter
National origin Sweden
Manufacturer Saab AB
Design group Industrigruppen JAS, FMV
First flight 9 December 1988
Introduction 9 June 1996
Status In service
Primary users Swedish Air Force
South African Air Force
Brazilian Air Force
Czech Air Force
Hungarian Air Force
Royal Thai Air Force
Produced 1987–present
Number built 271+

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JAS 39 Gripen "1988"

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Saab
JAS 39 Gripen"1988"

The Saab JAS 39 Gripen (IPA: [ˈɡrǐːpɛn]; English: griffin) is a light single-engine multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab AB. The Gripen has a delta wing and canard configuration with relaxed stability design and fly-by-wire flight controls. Various versions have been built, grouped as A-, C- and E-series.

Gripen A- and C-series are powered by the GE F404G engine (previously designated Volvo RM12) and the E-series is powered by the GE F414G engine, and has a top speed of Mach 2. Later aircraft are modified for NATO interoperability standards and to undertake air to air refuelling.

Design

A two-seat aircraft, designated “Gripen Demo”, was ordered in 2007 as a testbed for various upgrades. It was powered by the General Electric F414G, a development of the Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet‘s engine. The Gripen NG’s maximum takeoff weight was increased from 14,000 to 16,000 kg (30,900–35,300 lb), internal fuel capacity was increased by 40 per cent by relocating the undercarriage, which also allowed for two additional hardpoints be added on the fuselage underside. Its combat radius was 1,300 kilometres (810 mi) when carrying six AAMs and drop tanks. The PS-05/A radar is replaced by the new Raven ES-05 active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, which is based on the Vixen AESA radar family from Selex ES (since 2016 Finmeccanica, then Leonardo S.p.A.)

Operators

  •  Brazil
    The Brazilian Air Force operates one F-39E Gripen, with another 27 F-39Es and 8 F-39Fs on order. 72 E/F aircraft to be ordered.
     Czech Republic
    The Czech Air Force has 14 Gripens on lease; these include 12 single-seat C models and two two-seat D models, in operation as of 2016.
     Hungary
    The Hungarian Air Force operates 14 Gripens (12 C-models and 2 D-models) on a lease-and-buy arrangement as of February 2017.
     South Africa
    The South African Air Force (SAAF) ordered 26 aircraft; 17 single-seat C-models and nine two-seat D-models. The first delivery, a two-seater, took place on 30 April 2008. It has 17 Cs and nine Ds in service as of 2016.
     Sweden
    The Swedish Air Force operates 74 JAS 39Cs and 24 Ds and ordered 60 Es as of 2016 with 10 more aircraft planned to be ordered. It originally ordered 204 aircraft, including 28 two-seaters. Sweden leases 28 to the Czech and Hungarian Air Forces.

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JAS 39 Gripen Fighter

Proposals

Gripen Aggressor: ‘red team’ weaponless variant of the Gripen C & possibly D intended for the UK’s Air Support to Defence Operational Training (ASDOT) requirement, and part of the US Air Force’s adversary air (AdAir) opportunity.

Gripen Maritime: proposed carrier-based version based on the Gripen E-series.] As of 2011, its development was underway. As of 2013, Brazil and India were interested. This variant has also been named Sea Gripen. In July 2017, the Brazilian Navy began studying the Gripen Maritime for naval purposes and is looking to replace its fleet of Douglas A-4 Skyhawk aircraft.

Gripen UCAV: proposed unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) variant of the Gripen E.

Gripen EA: proposed electronic warfare (EW) ‘Growler’ or Electronic Attack variant of the Gripen F.

JAS 39E Gripen: Specifications

Crew: 1 JAS 39E / 2 JAS 39F
Length: 15.2 m (49 ft 10 in) JAS 39E 15.9 m (52 ft)
Wingspan: 8.6 m (28 ft 3 in)
Height: 4.5 m (14 ft 9 in)
Empty weight: 8,000 kg (17,637 lb)
Payload: 5,100 kg (11,200 lb)
Powerplant: 1 × General Electric RM16 (F414-GE-39E) afterburning 

Maximum speed: 2,460 km/h (1,530 mph, 1,330 kn) +

Maximum speed: Mach 2

Combat range: 800 km (500 mi, 430 nmi)

Ferry range: 3,200 km (2,000 mi, 1,700 nmi)

Service ceiling: 15,240 m (50,000 ft)

g limits: +9 −3

Takeoff distance: 400 m (1,312 ft)

Guns: 1 × 27 mm Mauser BK-27 revolver cannon with 120 rounds (single-seat models only)

Hardpoints: 8 (two hardpoints under fuselage, two under each wing, and one on each wing tip, with one of these for FLIR / ECM / LD / Recon pod) with a capacity of 5,300 kg (11,700 lb),with provisions to carry combinations of:
Rockets: 4 × rocket pods, 13.5 cm rockets

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The Saab JAS 39 Gripen (IPA: [ˈɡrǐːpɛn]; English: griffin)[Nb 2][2] is a light single-engine
multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab AB.

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