embraer Brazilian

Short/Embraer TR.1 Tucano

Short/Embraer TR.1 Tucano

Brazilian Aircraft

Short/Embraer TR.1 Tucano


Embraer Aircrcaft


The Short Tucano is a two-seat turboprop basic trainer built by Short Brothers in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Goto Embraer Aircraft

The Short Tucano is a two-seat turboprop basic trainer built by Short Brothers in Belfast, Northern Ireland. It is a licence-built version of the Brazilian Embraer EMB 312 Tucano.

On 14 February 1986, the prototype conducted its maiden flight in Brazil before being delivered to Shorts to be used as a pattern aircraft and modified to meet Royal Air Force (RAF) requirements and used for trials and demonstrations. The first Short-assembled aircraft flew on 30 December 1986; deliveries to the RAF commenced during June 1988. The final example of the type was completed in 1995. Maintenance and support of the RAF’s Tucano fleet was typically outsourced to several private companies.

Operational History

Development of the Short Tucano commenced in May 1984, following an agreement between Brazilian aircraft manufacturer Embraer and Northern Ireland aviation firm Short Brothers to collaborate on a response to an outstanding British requirement, which sought a replacement for the aging BAC Jet Provost basic trainer for the Royal Air Force (RAF).[1] For this purpose, the RAF had issued Air Staff Target 412, defining the performance criteria it desire for a new high-performance turboprop-powered basic trainer. A short list was compiled of various aircraft that had been submitted in response; other than the Tucano, the types considered were the Swiss Pilatus PC-9

RoleTrainer aircraft
National originUnited Kingdom
ManufacturerShort Brothers
First flight14 February 1986
Introduction1989 (Royal Air Force)
RetiredRAF 2019
StatusIn active service
Primary usersRoyal Air Force (Retired)
Kenya Air Force
Kuwait Air Force
Number built160
Developed fromEmbraer EMB-312 Tucano





Short Tucano T1 at RIAT 2005

Former operators

 United Kingdom

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 9.86 m (32 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 11.28 m (37 ft 0 in)
  • Height: 3.40 m (11 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 19.33 m2 (208.1 sq ft)
  • Airfoil: NACA 632A-415 (root), 63A-212 (tip)
  • Empty weight: 2,017 kg (4,447 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 3,275 kg (7,220 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 724 L (159 imp gal; 191 US gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Garrett TPE331-12B turboprop, 820 kW (1,100 shp)
  • Propellers: 4-bladed Hartzell constant speed, fully feathering, reversible-pitch propeller, 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) diameter



  • Maximum speed: 507 km/h (315 mph, 274 kn) at 3,000–4,600 m (10,000–15,000 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 407 km/h (253 mph, 220 kn) at 6,100 m (20,000 ft) (econ. cruise)
  • Stall speed: 80 km/h (50 mph, 43 kn) (flaps and gear down) (EAS)
  • Never exceed speed: 518 km/h (322 mph, 280 kn) (EAS)
  • Range: 1,665 km (1,035 mi, 899 nmi)
  • Endurance: 5 h 12 min
  • Service ceiling: 10,000 m (34,000 ft)
  • g limits: +7/-3.6
  • Rate of climb: 17.8 m/s (3,510 ft/min)
  • Takeoff run to 15 m (50 ft): 524 m (1,719 ft)
  • Landing run from 15 m (50 ft): 573 m (1,880 ft)


Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

Embraer S.A. (Portuguese pronunciation: [ẽmbɾaˈɛɾ]) is a Brazilian aerospace conglomerate that produces commercial, military, executive and agricultural aircraft and provides aeronautical services. It was founded in 1969 in São José dos Campos, São Paulo, where its headquarters are located. The company is the third largest producer of civil aircraft, after Boeing and Airbus