Sukhoi; Commercial & WW2
Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker / Sukhoi Su-30 Flanker / Sukhoi Su-33 Flanker
Sukhoi Su-24 Fencer / Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot / Sukhoi Su-47 Berkut / Sukhoi T50 Sotka (Bomber)
The Sukhoi Su-27 (Russian: Сухой Су-27; NATO reporting name: Flanker) is a Soviet-origin twin-engine supermaneuverable fighter aircraft designed by Sukhoi. It was intended as a direct competitor for the large United States fourth-generation fighters such as the Grumman F-14 Tomcat and F-15 Eagle, with 3,530-kilometre (1,910 nmi) range, heavy aircraft ordnance, sophisticated avionics and high maneuverability. The Su-27 was designed for air superiority missions, and subsequent variants are able to perform almost all aerial warfare operations. It was designed with the Mikoyan MiG-29 as its complement.
The Su-27’s basic design is aerodynamically similar to the MiG-29, but it is substantially larger. The wing blends into the fuselage at the leading edge extensions and is essentially a cross between a swept wing and a cropped delta (the delta wing with tips cropped for missile rails or ECM pods). The fighter is also an example of a tailed delta wing configuration, retaining conventional horizontal tailplanes.
|Role||Multirole fighter, air superiority fighter|
|National origin||Soviet Union / Russia|
|First flight||20 May 1977|
|Introduction||22 June 1985|
|Primary users||Russian Air Force|
People’s Liberation Army Air Force
Uzbekistan Air and Air Defence Forces
See Operators section for others
In 1969, the Soviet Union learned of the U.S. Air Force‘s “F-X” program, which resulted in the F-15 Eagle. The Soviet leadership soon realized that the new American fighter would represent a serious technological advantage over existing Soviet fighters. What was needed was a better-balanced fighter with both good agility and sophisticated systems. In response, the Soviet General Staff issued a requirement for a Perspektivnyy Frontovoy Istrebitel (PFI, literally “Prospective Frontline Fighter”, roughly “Advanced Frontline Fighter”). Specifications were extremely ambitious, calling for long-range, good short-field performance (including the ability to use austere runways), excellent agility, Mach 2+ speed, and heavy armament. The aerodynamic design for the new aircraft was largely carried out by TsAGI in collaboration with the Sukhoi design bureau
Antonov State Company is a Soviet, and later is a Ukrainian aircraft manufacturing and services company. Antonov's particular expertise is in the fields of very large aeroplanes and aeroplanes using unprepared runways.