Taylorcraft USA

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Taylorcraft/Piper

Taylorcraft Aviation is an airplane manufacturer that has been producing aircraft for more than 70 years in several locations.

Goto Piper Aircraft

The company was founded as the Taylor Brothers Aircraft Manufacturing Company in September 1927 by Clarence Gilbert Taylor and Gordon A. Taylor in Rochester, New York. The company was renamed Taylor Brothers Aircraft Corporation in April 1928, shortly before Gordon Taylor died in an aircraft accident on April 24, 1928. The company was enticed to move to Bradford, Pennsylvania, with the promise of larger facility and investment capital from local businessmen, including an initial investment of $400 from local oil industry engineer William T. Piper. The move was completed in September 1929.

Operational History

1930s

In late 1930, the company filed for bankruptcy and William T. Piper purchased the assets of the company for $761.Reorganized as the Taylor Aircraft Company, Piper effectively took control of the firm when he assumed the position of corporate secretary-treasurer, although he retained C. G. Taylor in the role of president.[4] Piper, often called the “Henry Ford of Aviation”, firmly believed a simple-to-operate, low-cost, private airplane would flourish, even in the darkest depths of the Great Depression. This aircraft was the E-2 Cub.

RoleLight aircraft
ManufacturerTaylor Aircraft
Piper Aircraft
DesignerWalter Jamouneau
Clarence Gilbert Taylor
First flight1935
Produced1936-1938
Number built1,207
Developed fromTaylor Cub
VariantsPiper J-3

 

Gilbert Taylor

In 1935 Clarence Gilbert Taylor left the company to start another aircraft manufacturer which would become Taylorcraft. William T. Piper bought Taylor’s shares in the company. In 1936 and 1937 some aircraft were completed by Aircraft Associates in California and these were known as the Western Cub.

In 1937 the original Piper factory, a renovated former silk mill in Bradford, PA, was destroyed by fire and the company moved to Lock Haven, PA and production restarted in May 1937 and the company was renamed the Piper Aircraft Corporation in November 1937.

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 22 ft 5 in (6.83 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 2 12 in (10.732 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 8 in (2.03 m)
  • Wing area: 178.5 sq ft (16.58 m2)
  • Empty weight: 563 lb (255 kg)
  • Gross weight: 970 lb (440 kg)
  • Fuel capacity: 9 US gal (7.5 imp gal; 34 L)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental A-40-3 air-cooled flat-four, 37 hp (28 kW)

Performance

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 87 mph (140 km/h, 76 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 70 mph (110 km/h, 61 kn)
  • Range: 210 mi (340 km, 180 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 ft (3,700 m)
  • Rate of climb: 450 ft/min (2.3 m/s)

Related

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

The company was established on 10 December 1939 by the armament company Oerlikon-Bührle, and construction of a new production building started in March 1940. The company was formed to do maintenance and repairs for the Swiss Air Force, the first work of the new company was assembly of EKW C-35 reconnaissance biplanes from spare parts, and overhaul work on other types