Cance Vought USA

Vought F7U Cutlass
"Praying Mantis"

Vought F7U Cutlass

USA Aircraft

Chance Vought

The Vought F7U Cutlass was a United States Navy carrier-based jet fighter and fighter-bomber of the early Cold War era.

Goto Vought Aircraft

The Vought F-8 Crusader (originally F8U) is a single-engine, supersonic, carrier-based air superiority jet aircraft[2] built by Vought for the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps (replacing the Vought F7U Cutlass), and for the French Navy. The first F-8 prototype was ready for flight in February 1955. The F-8 served principally in the Vietnam War. The Crusader was the last American fighter with guns as the primary weapon, earning it the title “The Last of the Gunfighters”.[3]

Operational History

Prototype XF8U-1s were evaluated by VX-3 beginning in late 1956, with few problems noted. Weapons development was conducted at Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake and a China Lake F8U-1 set a U.S. National speed record in August 1956. Commander “Duke” Windsor set, broke, and set a new Level Flight Speed Record of 1,015.428 mph (1,634.173 km/h) on 21 August 1956 beating the previous record of 822 mph (1,323 km/h) set by a USAF F-100. (It did not break the world speed record of 1,132 mph (1,822 km/h), set by the British Fairey Delta 2, on 10 March 1956

RoleNaval multirole fighter
National originUnited States
ManufacturerChance Vought
First flight29 September 1948
IntroductionJuly 1951
Retired2 March 1959
Primary userUnited States Navy
Number built320



  • Variants

    Three prototypes ordered on 25 June 1946 (BuNos 122472, 122473 & 122474). First flight, 29 September 1948, all three aircraft were destroyed in crashes.[10]
    The initial production version, 14 built. Powered by two J34-WE-32 engines.
    Proposed version, planned to be powered by two Westinghouse J34-WE-42 engines with afterburner, but the order for 88 aircraft was cancelled.
    Designation given to one aircraft built as the prototype for the F7U-3, BuNo 128451. First flight: 20 December 1951.
    The definitive production version, 180 built. P
    F7U-3P reconnaissance aircraft
    Photo-reconnaissance version, 12 built. 
    Designation given to a cancelled order of 250 aircraft to be used in the ground attack role.


    A VF-83 F7U-3 launches from the USS Intrepid in 1954 during catapult testing
     United States

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 41 ft 3.5 in (12.586 m)
  • Wingspan: 39 ft 8 in (12.1 m)
  • Span wings folded: 22.3 ft (6.80 m)
  • Height: 14 ft 0 in (4.27 m)
  • Wing area: 496 sq ft (46.1 m2)
  • Empty weight: 18,210 lb (8,260 kg)
  • Gross weight: 26,840 lb (12,174 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 31,643 lb (14,353 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Westinghouse J46-WE-8B after-burning turbojet engines, 4,600 lbf (20 kN) thrust each dry, 6,000 lbf (27 kN) with afterburner



  • Maximum speed: 1,066 kn (1,227 mph, 1,974 km/h) at 36,000 ft (10,973 m)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 1.8
  • Cruise speed: 268 kn (308 mph, 496 km/h) [104]
  • Stall speed: 135 kn (155 mph, 250 km/h) [105]
  • Combat range: 394 nmi (453 mi, 730 km)
  • Ferry range: 1,507 nmi (1,734 mi, 2,791 km) with external fuel
  • Service ceiling: 58,000 ft (18,000 m)
  • Rate of climb: 19,000 ft/min (97 m/s) [106][unreliable source?]
  • Lift-to-drag: 12.8
  • Wing loading: 77.3 lb/sq ft (377 kg/m2)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.62


  • Armament

    • Guns: 4 20mm M3 cannon above inlet ducts, 180 rpg
    • Hardpoints: 4 with a capacity of 5,500 lb (2,500 kg),with provisions to carry combinations of:
    • Missiles: 4 AAM-N-2 Sparrow I air-to-air missiles

    Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

The company was established on 10 December 1939 by the armament company Oerlikon-Bührle, and construction of a new production building started in March 1940. The company was formed to do maintenance and repairs for the Swiss Air Force, the first work of the new company was assembly of EKW C-35 reconnaissance biplanes from spare parts, and overhaul work on other types