Vultee / Convair USA

Vultee BT-66 Vanguard

Vultee BT-66 Vanguard

USA Aircraft

Vultee BT-66 Vanguard

Vultee V-1 1933 25 /  / ultee V-11 1935 175-224
Vultee V-12 1939 / V-54, Vultee BT-13 Valiant 1939
V-48, Vultee P-66 Vanguard 1939 / Vultee V-72 Vengeance 1941 1,931
Vultee V-84 1943 2 Prototype / V-90, Vultee XA-41 1944 1 Prototype
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf 1944 180 / Vultee XP-68 Tornado n/a 0

Vultee Consolidated (Convair)

The Vultee P-66 Vanguard was a United States Army Air Forces fighter aircraft.

Goto Vultee Aircraft

The Vultee P-66 Vanguard was a United States Army Air Forces fighter aircraft. It was initially ordered by Sweden, but by the time the aircraft were ready for delivery in 1941, the United States would not allow them to be exported, designating them as P-66s and retaining them for defensive and training purposes. Eventually, a large number were sent to China where they were pressed into service as combat aircraft with mixed results.

Design and development

The Vultee Vanguard was the product of an idea conceived in the late 1930s by the Vultee Aircraft Division of the Aviation Manufacturing Corporation of developing four aircraft designed for different roles from a set of common wings and aft fuselage and tail assemblies. The company assigned four model designations: V-48 to a single-seat fighter, BC-51 to a basic combat trainer, B-54 to an advanced trainer, and BC-54D as a basic trainer. Eventually, the BC-51 would become the Army Air Corps BC-3 and the BC-54D, the BT-13.

ManufacturerVultee Aircraft
DesignerRichard W. Palmer
First flight8 September 1939 (Model 61)
Introduction1941 (date shipment completed)
Retired1943 (USA)
Primary usersUnited States Army Air Forces
Chinese Nationalist Air Force
Number built146



 United Kingdom
 United States

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 28 ft 5 in (8.66 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 10 in (10.92 m)
  • Wing area: 196.8 sq ft (18.28 m2)
  • Empty weight: 5,237 lb (2,375 kg)
  • Gross weight: 7,100 lb (3,221 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 7,384 lb (3,349 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whittney R-1830-33 14 Cyl twin row radial, 1,200 hp (890 kW)
  • Propellers: 3-bladed Hamilton Standard hydromatic



  • Maximum speed: 300 kn (340 mph, 550 km/h) at 15,000 ft
  • Cruise speed: 250 kn (290 mph, 470 km/h) at 17,000 ft
  • Stall speed: 71 kn (82 mph, 132 km/h)
  • Range: 740 nmi (850 mi, 1,370 km)
  • Service ceiling: 28,200 ft (8,600 m)
  • Rate of climb: 2,520 ft/min (12.8 m/s)


Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

The Republic Aviation Corporation was an American aircraft manufacturer based in Farmingdale, New York, on Long Island. Originally known as the Seversky Aircraft Company, the company was responsible for the design and production of many important military aircraft, including its most famous products: World War II's P-47 Thunderbolt fighter, the F-84 Thunderjet and F-105 Thunderchief jet fighters, as well as the A-10 Thunderbolt II close-support aircraft.