Vultee / Convair USA

Aichi D3A Type 99 Carrier Bomber

Aichi D3A Type 99 Carrier Bomber

USA Aircraft

Aichi D3A Type 99 Val

Vultee V-1 1933 25 /  / ultee V-11 1935 175-224
Vultee V-12 1939 / V-54, Vultee BT-13 Valiant 1939
V-48, Vultee P-66 Vanguard 1939 / Vultee V-72 Vengeance 1941 1,931
Vultee V-84 1943 2 Prototype / V-90, Vultee XA-41 1944 1 Prototype
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf 1944 180 / Vultee XP-68 Tornado n/a 0

Vultee Consolidated (Convair)

The Aichi D3A Type 99 Carrier Bomber (Allied reporting name "Val")[2] is a World War II carrier-borne dive bomber

Goto Vultee Aircraft

The Aichi D3A Type 99 Carrier Bomber (Allied reporting nameVal“) is a World War II carrier-borne dive bomber. It was the primary dive bomber of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and was involved in almost all IJN actions, including the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Design and development

In mid-1936, the Japanese Navy issued the 11-Shi specification for a monoplane carrier-based dive bomber to replace the existing D1A biplane then in service.[1] Aichi, Nakajima, and Mitsubishi all submitted designs, with the former two subsequently being asked for two prototypes each.

The Aichi design started with low-mounted elliptical wings inspired by the Heinkel He 70 Blitz. It flew slowly enough that the drag from the landing gear was not a serious issue, so fixed gear was used for simplicity.[6] The aircraft was to be powered by the 529 kW (709 hp) Nakajima Hikari 1 nine-cylinder radial engine.

RoleCarrier-based dive bomber
ManufacturerAichi Kokuki KK
First flightJanuary 1938
Introduction1940
Retired1945
Primary userImperial Japanese Navy
Number built1,495
(479 D3A1)
(1016 D3A2)
Developed intoYokosuka D3Y Myōjo

Operators

Operators

 Japan

Surviving aircraft

One D3A is currently under restoration at the Planes of Fame Museum in Chino, California.[25] There are two unrestored D3As on display at the National Museum of the Pacific War in Fredericksburg, Texas

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 10.195 m (33 ft 5 in)
  • Wingspan: 14.365 m (47 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 3.847 m (12 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 34.9 m2 (376 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 2,570 kg (5,666 lb)
D3A1: 2,408 kg (5,309 lb)
  • Gross weight: 3,800 kg (8,378 lb)
D3A1: 3,650 kg (8,050 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mitsubishi Kinsei 54 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 970 kW (1,300 hp) for take-off
1,200 hp (890 kW) at 3,000 m (9,800 ft)

1,100 hp (820 kW) at 6,200 m (20,300 ft)

Performance

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 430 km/h (270 mph, 230 kn) at 6,200 m (20,300 ft)
    D3A1: 387 km/h (240 mph; 209 kn) at 3,000 m (9,800 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 296 km/h (184 mph, 160 kn) at 3,000 m (9,800 ft)
  • Range: 1,352 km (840 mi, 730 nmi)
    D3A1: 1,472 km (915 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 10,500 m (34,400 ft)
    D3A1: 9,300 m (30,500 ft)
  • Time to altitude: 3,000 m (9,800 ft) in 5 minutes 48 seconds

Related

Armament

Aircrafttoaal encyclopedia

The Republic Aviation Corporation was an American aircraft manufacturer based in Farmingdale, New York, on Long Island. Originally known as the Seversky Aircraft Company, the company was responsible for the design and production of many important military aircraft, including its most famous products: World War II's P-47 Thunderbolt fighter, the F-84 Thunderjet and F-105 Thunderchief jet fighters, as well as the A-10 Thunderbolt II close-support aircraft.